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Menelmacar

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#REDIRECT [[Menelmacar]]
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The constellation '''Menelmacar''', the '''Swordsman of the Sky''',<ref>{{FR|I3}}</ref> is one of the [[constellations]] set in the heavens by [[Varda]] to enlighten the awakening of the [[Elves]]. It was gathered by Varda from among the ancient stars, set as a foreboding of the [[Last Battle]].<ref name="silm">{{S|3}}</ref>
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==Etymology==
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The elements of the [[Quenya]] name are: ''[[menel]]'', "the heavens" and ''macar'' "swordsman", therefore "Heaven-Swordsman".<ref>{{S|Elements}}</ref><ref>{{HM|Guide}}, p. 256</ref>
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==Other names==
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Menelmacar is called Menelmakil in a note by Tolkien to his essay [[Quendi and Eldar]] on the origin of the Elvish names for Elves. <ref>{{WJ|P4}}, pp. 359-424</ref> <!--The word ''makil'' is translated as sword, therefore, Menelmakil means "Heaven-Sword" (It is possible that it may be an error).
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Telumehtar and Menelvagor are also listed as other names, meaning "Warrior of the Sky" and "Swordsman of the Sky" respectively.
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Other name-forms and names: Menelmakar, see especially the article [[Telimektar]].-->(Note 15, WJ 411).
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In [[The Etymologies]] (s.v. MAK-; LR 371) the word ''makil'' is translated as 'sword', whereas 'warrior' is ''mahtar'' ( > -''mehtar'' in ''Telumehtar''; -''makar'' in ''Menelmacar'' ). The spelling ''Menelmakil'' may be just an error.
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'''Abbreviations:'''
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LR = [[The Lost Road and Other Writings]] (The History of Middle-earth, vol. 5).
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WJ = [[The War of the Jewels]] (The History of Middle-earth, vol. 11).
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==Inspiration==
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Menelmacar is identified as the constellation [[wikipedia:Orion (constellation)|Orion]].<ref>{{S|Index}}</ref>
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{{Notes}}
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{{references}}
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{{cosmology}}
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[[Category:Constellations]]
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[[Category:Quenya names]]
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[[de:Menelmacar]]
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[[fr:/encyclo/geographie/astronomie/menelmacar]]
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[[fi:Menelmacar]]
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[[fi:Taivaan Miekkamies]]

Revision as of 09:49, 24 January 2022

The constellation Menelmacar, the Swordsman of the Sky,[1] is one of the constellations set in the heavens by Varda to enlighten the awakening of the Elves. It was gathered by Varda from among the ancient stars, set as a foreboding of the Last Battle.[2]

Contents

Etymology

The elements of the Quenya name are: menel, "the heavens" and macar "swordsman", therefore "Heaven-Swordsman".[3][4]

Other names

Menelmacar is called Menelmakil in a note by Tolkien to his essay Quendi and Eldar on the origin of the Elvish names for Elves. [5] (Note 15, WJ 411).

In The Etymologies (s.v. MAK-; LR 371) the word makil is translated as 'sword', whereas 'warrior' is mahtar ( > -mehtar in Telumehtar; -makar in Menelmacar ). The spelling Menelmakil may be just an error.

Abbreviations: LR = The Lost Road and Other Writings (The History of Middle-earth, vol. 5). WJ = The War of the Jewels (The History of Middle-earth, vol. 11).

Inspiration

Menelmacar is identified as the constellation Orion.[6]

Notes


References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "Three is Company"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Coming of the Elves and the Captivity of Melkor"
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Appendix: Elements in Quenya and Sindarin Names"
  4. Robert Foster, The Complete Guide to Middle-earth, p. 256
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "Part Four. Quendi and Eldar", pp. 359-424
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Index of Names"
Middle-earth Cosmology
 Constellations  Anarríma · Durin's Crown · Menelmacar · Remmirath · Soronúmë · Telumendil · Valacirca · Wilwarin
Stars  Alcarinquë · Borgil · Carnil · Elemmírë · Helluin · Luinil · Lumbar · Morwinyon · Nénar · Star of Eärendil · Til 
The Airs  Aiwenórë · Fanyamar · Ilmen · Menel · Vaiya · Veil of Arda · Vista
Narsilion  Arien · Moon (Isil, Ithil, Rána) · Sun (Anar, Anor, Vása) · Tilion
See also  Abyss · Arda · Circles of the World · · Timeless Halls · Two Lamps · Two Trees · Void