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==History==
 
==History==
The chronicles describe events before the creation of the Elves: Arda was inhabited by the [[Ainur]] who shaped the earth and [[First War with Melkor|waged war]]. Eventually the [[Valar]] retreated to [[Valinor]] to the [[Uttermost West|West]], and created the [[Two Trees]] that gave light to the world and also kept track of time (see: [[Years of the Trees]]). The Awakening of the Elves followed, and they were invited by the Valar to the West, while some remained in [[Middle-earth]]. The Trees died by the actions of [[Morgoth]] the Enemy who fled to [[Angband]], and near the end of the Age<ref name=appf/> the Noldor [[Exile of the Noldor|came to Middle-earth]].
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The chronicles describe events before the creation of the Elves: Arda was inhabited by the [[Ainur]] who shaped the earth and [[First War with Melkor|waged war]]. Eventually the [[Valar]] retreated to [[Valinor]] to the [[Uttermost West|West]], and created the [[Two Trees]] that gave light to the world and also kept track of time (see: [[Years of the Trees]]). The Awakening of the Elves followed, and they were invited by the Valar to the West, while some remained in [[Middle-earth]]. The Trees died by the actions of [[Morgoth]] the Enemy who fled to [[Angband]].
  
The known events of the First Age were centered around its last six centuries, a [[War of the Jewels|series of wars]] waged by those [[Noldor]], the [[Sindar]] and the [[Three Houses]] of the [[Edain]] (Men who also migrated westwards), against the armies of [[Angband]]. The Elves in Beleriand sought merely to exist, and [[Morgoth]] had little to do with them.  The Noldor, on the other hand, particularly the [[Sons of Fëanor]], had come with the express purpose of defeating Morgoth.
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The known events of the First Age were centered around a series of wars waged by the [[Sindar]], the [[Noldor]] (who returned from Valinor) and the [[Three Houses]] of the [[Edain]] (Men who also migrated westwards), against the armies of [[Angband]]. The Elves in Beleriand sought merely to exist, and [[Morgoth]] had little to do with them.  The Noldor, on the other hand, particularly the [[Sons of Fëanor]], had come with the express purpose of defeating Morgoth.
  
 
Soon after the arrival of the Ñoldor the [[Dagor-nuin-Giliath]] (''Battle under the Stars'', so named because it was fought before the rising of the Sun) was fought.  [[Feanor]] was killed.  It is considered the second battle in the [[Wars of Beleriand]], after one that took place during the Years of the Trees.
 
Soon after the arrival of the Ñoldor the [[Dagor-nuin-Giliath]] (''Battle under the Stars'', so named because it was fought before the rising of the Sun) was fought.  [[Feanor]] was killed.  It is considered the second battle in the [[Wars of Beleriand]], after one that took place during the Years of the Trees.
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The [[War of Wrath]] took place after [[Eärendil]] sailed to Valinor and persuaded the [[Valar]] to help those whom they had forsaken.  The Valar gathered an army composed of [[Maiar]], [[Vanyar]], and those Ñoldor who had stayed in Valinor.  The [[Teleri]] refused their aid, due to an old offense dealt them by the Ñoldor of Beleriand, but consented to ferry the armies of the Valar in their famous ships.  This battle marked the first appearance of the winged dragons, most notably [[Ancalagon]] the Black, but the Valar had the day.  Morgoth was captured, and cast out of [[Arda]], but his lands, as well as most of Beleriand, had been destroyed and sunk under the sea in the heat of battle.
 
The [[War of Wrath]] took place after [[Eärendil]] sailed to Valinor and persuaded the [[Valar]] to help those whom they had forsaken.  The Valar gathered an army composed of [[Maiar]], [[Vanyar]], and those Ñoldor who had stayed in Valinor.  The [[Teleri]] refused their aid, due to an old offense dealt them by the Ñoldor of Beleriand, but consented to ferry the armies of the Valar in their famous ships.  This battle marked the first appearance of the winged dragons, most notably [[Ancalagon]] the Black, but the Valar had the day.  Morgoth was captured, and cast out of [[Arda]], but his lands, as well as most of Beleriand, had been destroyed and sunk under the sea in the heat of battle.
 
Events that marked the end of the Age were the breaking of the [[Thangorodrim]],<Ref>{{App|B|50}}, p. 1082</ref> the loss of the Silmarils, and the choice of the [[Half-elven]].<Ref>{{App|Numenor|50}}, p. 1034</ref>
 
  
 
==Terminology==
 
==Terminology==
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This convention however creates the [[Misconceptions#Definition_of_First_Age.3B_Third_Age_.22of_the_Sun.22|ambiguation]] that F.A. 1 was the first year of the First Age, or its beginning, marked as such by the first sunrise. This led to the [[fanon]] term "Ages of the Sun" and the misconception that the Ages measured from the first rising of the Sun. According to that definition, the First Age 'proper' followed the [[Years of the Trees]] and lasted only c. 600 years until the [[Second Age 1|beginning]] of the [[Second Age]].  
 
This convention however creates the [[Misconceptions#Definition_of_First_Age.3B_Third_Age_.22of_the_Sun.22|ambiguation]] that F.A. 1 was the first year of the First Age, or its beginning, marked as such by the first sunrise. This led to the [[fanon]] term "Ages of the Sun" and the misconception that the Ages measured from the first rising of the Sun. According to that definition, the First Age 'proper' followed the [[Years of the Trees]] and lasted only c. 600 years until the [[Second Age 1|beginning]] of the [[Second Age]].  
  
However Tolkien mentions that the [[Exile of the Noldor]] happened ''at the end of the First Age''<ref name=appf>{{App|Elves|50}}, p. 1128</ref> meaning that the year we call as {{FA|1}} was indeed near the ''end'' of that long Age. Furthermore, in ''[[The Peoples of Middle-earth]]'', Tolkien mentioned that the First Age was the longest, signifying therefore that the term "First Age" could be expanded before the first rising of the Sun.<ref>{{PM|VI}}, p. 172</ref>
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However Tolkien mentions that the [[Exile of the Noldor]] happened ''at the end of the First Age''<ref>{{App|Elves|50}}, p. 1128</ref> meaning that the year we call as {{FA|1}} was indeed near the ''end'' of that long Age. Furthermore, in ''[[The Peoples of Middle-earth]]'', Tolkien mentioned that the First Age was the longest, signifying therefore that the term "First Age" could be expanded before the first rising of the Sun.<ref>{{PM|VI}}, p. 172</ref>
  
 
==See also==
 
==See also==

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