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Eärendur (King of Arnor)

The name Eärendur refers to more than one character, item or concept. For a list of other meanings, see Eärendur (disambiguation).
Biographical Information
TitlesKing of Arnor
LanguageSindarin, Westron
BirthT.A. 640
RuleT.A. 777 - 861
DeathT.A. 861 (aged 221)
HouseHouse of Isildur
ChildrenAmlaith, 1st King of Rhudaur, 1st King of Cardolan
Physical Description

Eärendur (Q, pron. [ˌe.aˈrendur]; T.A. 640[1] - T.A. 861,[2] died aged 221) was the tenth and last King of Arnor.

[edit] History

Eärendur succeeded his father Elendur on his death in T.A. 777. Eärendur's rule was uneventful, but he was the tenth and last King of Arnor due to dissension amongst his sons.

After his death in 861, probably due to jealousy on the part of the two younger sons, his three sons split Arnor into three separate kingdoms: Arthedain, Cardolan and Rhudaur.

His eldest son and rightful heir, Amlaith of Fornost, became the first King of Arthedain, and it was through Amlaith and his heirs that the line of Isildur endured whilst the line of kings of Rhudaur and Cardolan failed - Aragorn II was a direct descendent of Amlaith, and it wasn't until Aragorn became king that Arnor was finally reunified.[3]

[edit] Etymology

Eärendur is a Quenya name. It means "(professional) mariner".[4] As Paul Strack explains, a more literal translation might be "Servant of the Sea". It is a compound of eär ("sea") and -(n)dur ("servant").[5] It is unlikely that Eärendur himself was devoted to the sea: it is more likely that he was named after one of the two previous Eärendurs.

[edit] Genealogy

462 - 652
552 - 777
640 - 861
726 - 946
Kings of
Kings of
811 - 1029
Kings of


  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "VII. The Heirs of Elendil", p. 193
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "The Realms in Exile", "The Northern Line: Heirs of Isildur"
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "Eriador, Arnor, and the Heirs of Isildur"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien; Humphrey Carpenter, Christopher Tolkien (eds.), The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien, Note 118 to Letter 297, (dated August 1967)
  5. Paul Strack, "Q. Eärendur m.", Eldamo - An Elvish Lexicon (accessed 29 October 2021)
House of Isildur
Cadet branch of House of Elros
Born: T.A. 640 Died: T.A. 861
Preceded by:
8th Heir of Isildur
T.A. 777 - 861
Followed by:
10th King of Arnor
T.A. 777 - 861
Amlaith, as King of Arthedain