Sea of Rhûn
|Sea of Rhûn|
|Sea of Rhûn from Stephen Raw's Map of Middle-earth|
The Sea of Rhûn was a large lake or sea in northern Middle-earth that lay east of Rhovanion on the western borders of Rhûn. The Kine of Araw were found in the fields of Rhûn near the Inland Sea.
The Sea of Rhûn covered roughly 400 square miles (1,000 km²). The Celduin flowed from the north-west into an arm of the sea. West of the Sea of Rhûn was the land of Dorwinion, and roughly 200 miles (300 km) to the south was the eastern end of the Ered Lithui.
A forest stood at the north-eastern shore of the sea, and near the south-western shore there were many hills. The south-eastern part of the Sea was occupied by a small wooded island.
In the Years of the Trees during the time of the Great Journey, the craft of ship-making practised by the Teleri reached new heights in their efforts to traverse the Sea of Rhûn on their westward journey.
In the First Age, the shores of the Inland Sea were populated by tribes of Men who were migrating to the West. The Lesser Folk arrived there first and dwelt at the feet of the nearby hills. The Greater Folk came later in the north-east woods near the shores. The Men crafted boats and could sail the sea, but they did not meet often, and their languages soon diverged before they resumed their journey to Beleriand.
In the early Third Age, the Kings of Gondor such as Rómendacil I campaigned to those lands, and Turambar expanded the kingdom to the East. By the time of King Hyarmendacil I, the Inland Sea formed one of the boundaries of Gondor.
 Other versions of the legendarium
In the drafts for the Lord of the Rings, the sea was called "Sea of Rhûnaer". In the earlier maps, part of the Sea was occupied by a heavily wooded island. In the published maps by Christopher Tolkien, the island is replaced by a dotted pattern. The reason for this change and what it signifies was never specified by C. Tolkien. There is no trace of the unnamed island in Pauline Baynes's A Map of Middle-earth.
Christopher Tolkien and others have speculated whether or not the Sea of Rhûn can "...be identified with the Sea of Helcar, vastly shrunken". Karen Wynn Fonstad adopted this position in making The Atlas of Middle-earth. However, in The Peoples of Middle-earth, there are references to the Sea of Rhûn and its surrounding geographical landmarks existing as far back as the Years of the Trees at the time of the Great Journey, far to the west of where the Elves awoke near the Sea of Helcar.
 See also
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "Minas Tirith"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "The Realms in Exile", "The Southern Line: Heirs of Anarion"
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "Last Writings" pp. 391-392
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Problem of Ros"
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "Gondor and the Heirs of Anárion"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Treason of Isengard, "The First Map of The Lord of the Rings", "Map II"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, "The West of Middle-earth at the End of the Third Age" [map]
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Treason of Isengard, "The First Map of The Lord of the Rings", "Map II", p. 307
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "Part Two. The Later Quenta Silmarillion" p. 174.