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Sûza is the Westron word for "province, sphere of occupation, division of a realm",[1] visible in Sûza-t, "The Shire".[2]

[edit] Etymology

Perhaps the second element -za related to the Adûnaic word zâyan ("land").[3]

[edit] Inspiration

"[...] actually the ON Old Norse and mod. Icelandic sýsla[4]> (Swed. syssla, Dan. syssel, now obsolete in sense amt, but occurring in place-names) was in mind when I said that the real untranslated name of the Shire was Súza [...] hence it was also said [...] that it was a 'district of well-ordered business'."[5]


  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix F, "On Translation"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "II. The Appendix on Languages", p. 45
  3. Andreas Möhn, "Etymologies of the Atani languages", entry ZAY'N
  4. Sýsla at Wikipedia
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Nomenclature of The Lord of the Rings" in Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull (eds), The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion, p. 775 (entry for Shire)