Regent of Gondor
 Númenorean precedent
Before the time of Tar-Aldarion, no King had ever left the island during his reign. When Tar-Aldarion resolved to travel to Middle-earth, the Council of the Sceptre sought a regency to rule in his place. The king's father, Meneldur, refused the regency when offered, and Meneldur's cousin, Hallatan of Hyarastorni, became regent instead. Ancalimë served as regent on more than one occasion while her father voyaged.
Minalcar was the grandson of Atanatar II Alcarin and son of Calmacil. In the closing years of his grandfather's rule, he had become a forceful presence in the royal councils as neither of the King's sons, Narmacil nor Calmacil, showed great interest in state affairs. Just a few short years after his uncle Narmacil succeeded the King, he conferred the office of Karma-kundo on Minalcar; from that point he effectively ruled Gondor for no less than sixty-four years, though officially doing so in the King's name. Minalcar would eventually ascend to the throne of Gondor himself under his better-known name Rómendacil II.
After the death of Ondoher and his sons, Steward Pelendur ruled Gondor briefly between T.A. 1944 and 1945 until Earnil I was appointed as Ondoher's successor. The Ruling Stewards were effectively "Regents" who ruled Gondor indefinitely in the King's absence.
Karma-kundo is translated "Helm-guardian".
In the orthography used in The Lord of the Rings, this name would be written Carma-cundo, since Tolkien usually represented the [k]-sound with the letter "c".
- ↑ Christopher Tolkien's discussion of his father's notes for the unfinished portions of Aldarion and Erendis
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Making of Appendix A": (i) "The Realms in Exile"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "Gondor and the Heirs of Anárion"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Making of Appendix A": (i) "The Realms in Exile", p. 260