Tolkien Gateway


Nandorin was the language of the Nandor, those Telerin Elves who broke from the Great Journey east of the Misty Mountains. As Sindarin became the dominant Elvish tongue of Middle-earth, Nandorin became little-spoken, and by the Third Age, was represented mainly in old place-names and Silvan dialects developed under its influence.


[edit] Names

The most extensive posthumously published writing (so far) by Tolkien where he discusses the Nandorin tongue is found in the essay Tengwesta Qenderinwa (manuscript TQ 2, ca. 1951-52). Here, we learn that Nandorin was also called Danian (from the leader Dân). As a branch of the Nandor (the Green-elves) turned westward, settling in Ossiriand, Nandorin was divided into West-Danian (also called Ossiriandrin or Ossiriandish,[note 1] and Laiquenderin) and East-Danian.[1]

In The Lhammas (ca. 1937-38), Tolkien used different names for these tongues. East Danian is called Leikvian, and the tongue of those who settled in Ossiriand is called Ossiriandic or Ossiriandeb.[2]

[edit] See also


  1. Tolkien also uses the form Ossiriandish in a manuscript associated with "Words, Phrases and Passages in The Lord of the Rings" (Parma Eldalamberon 17, p. 153)


  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Tengwesta Qenderinwa and Pre-Fëanorian Alphabets Part 2", in Parma Eldalamberon XVIII (edited by Christopher Gilson, Arden R. Smith, and Patrick H. Wynne), p. 78
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Part Two: Valinor and Middle-earth before The Lord of the Rings, V. The Lhammas"
Languages in Tolkien's works
Elvish languages Avarin · Common Eldarin · Gnomish · Nandorin · Noldorin · Primitive Quendian · Quenya (Exilic · Qenya · Telerin · Valinorean · Vanyarin) · Silvan · Sindarin (Doriathrin · Falathrin · Númenórean · Ilkorin · Mithrim · Old)
Mannish languages Adûnaic · Dalish · Drúedainic · Dunlendish · Pre-Númenórean · Rohirric · Taliska · Westron (Hobbitish)
Dwarvish languages Iglishmêk · Khuzdul
Other languages Black Speech · Entish · Orkish · Valarin · Warg-language
Outside the legendarium Animalic · Arktik · Mágol · Naffarin · Nevbosh
Scripts Angerthas/Cirth (Daeron · Erebor · Moria) · Goblin Alphabet · Moon-letters · Tengwar · Sarati · Valmaric script
"A Secret Vice" (book) · "The Lhammas" · "The Tree of Tongues" · Sub-creation