Tolkien Gateway


Mark Fisher - Ithilien.png
Map of eastern Gondor, by Mark Fisher
General Information
Other namesArnach
LocationSouthern Gondor, south-west of Minas Tirith
DescriptionFertile region known for growth of flowers and trees
RegionsImloth Melui
GalleryImages of Lossarnach

Lossarnach was a region and fiefdom in southern Gondor.


[edit] History

Known as the "Vale of flowers", it was a fertile region lying south of the eastern end of the White Mountains. It was the region closest to Minas Tirith,[1] which depended on the fruit cultivated in the orchards of Lossarnach. Residents of Minas Tirith were also known to make expeditions to the region to behold its renowned flowers and trees (which surely included the valley Imloth Melui).[2]

At the end of the Third Age, its lord was the old Forlong the Fat, who led two hundred men to the aid of Minas Tirith.[3] Forlong was killed in the Battle of the Pelennor Fields,[4] but many of his men survived and accompanied Aragorn Elessar on his way to the Black Gate, even though most of them were farmers.

Lossarnach was populated by many refugees from Ithilien and Osgiliath. During the War of the Ring, most women and children from Minas Tirith were sent there.[3]

Famous people from the region included the wise-woman Ioreth who served in the Houses of Healing of Minas Tirith,[5] and Morwen Steelsheen, wife of King Thengel of Rohan.[6]

[edit] Etymology

Lossarnach is a Pre-Númenórean name. It means "flowery Arnach".[7] While Tolkien seemed to be convinced that the second element, Arnach, was a Pre-Númenórean word, the first element caused more problems: since loss means "snow" in Sindarin it is unclear why it "was prefixed to Arnach", although it likely derived from likeness between loss and Sindarin loth ("flower").[2][7]

[edit] Inspiration

Writing in a letter about an impending trip in 1955, Tolkien identified Lossarnach as Assisi.[8]

[edit] Portrayal in adaptations

2015: The Lord of the Rings Online:

Lossarnach was an area in the region of Eastern Gondor. It was across the river Erui from Upper Lebennin to the west and across the river Anduin from South Ithilien to the east. The Rammas Echor divided it from the Pelennor to the north-east. Settlements in Lossarnach included the capital city of Arnach, Imloth Melui, Harlond, and "Ost Norhir", though the latter two have fallen to the Morgul-host. The emblem of Lossarnach was three red roses on a white field. Baranor, Captain of the Guard of Arnach, and the Lady Vanyalos, sister of Denethor and wife of Forlong, were in charge of the land when Forlong went to Minas Tirith.


  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "Map of Rohan, Gondor, and Mordor"
  2. 2.0 2.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, "The Rivers and Beacon-hills of Gondor" (edited by Carl F. Hostetter), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 42, July 2001, p. 18
  3. 3.0 3.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "Minas Tirith"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "The Battle of the Pelennor Fields"
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "The Houses of Healing"
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The House of Eorl", "The Kings of the Mark"
  7. 7.0 7.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, "Unfinished index for The Lord of the Rings", in Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull (eds), The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion, p. 513
  8. Christina Scull and Wayne G. Hammond (2006), The J.R.R. Tolkien Companion and Guide: I. Chronology, p. 462