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Hornburg

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Hornburg
Fortress
Jeremy Bennett - Helm's Deep.jpg
"Helm's Deep" by Jeremy Bennett
General Information
LocationHelm's Deep, Rohan
TypeFortress
People and History
InhabitantsGondorians, Rohirrim
EventsBattle of the Hornburg
GalleryImages of the Hornburg

The Hornburg (originally Súthburg) was a great Gondorian fortress later used by the Rohirrim.

It was said among the Rohirrim that "no enemy has yet taken the Hornburg", and it was considered the strongest point in Rohan, stronger than Edoras and Dunharrow.

[edit] Geography

The fortress was built in the western Calenardhon on a rock that was connected to the Deeping Wall. It guarded a deep valley nestled in the northeastern White Mountains below the Thrihyrne.[1]

[edit] History

It was built by Gondorians in the days of the glory of Gondor.[1]

In later years whole regions of Gondor, such as Calenardhon, were depopulated or evacuated. After being repaired with help of masons of Gondor, it came into the possession of Rohan and the master of Westfold dwelt there. The Rohirrim knew the fortress as Súthburg. This was due to it being the southern of the fortresses that guarded the Gap of Rohan and the Fords of Isen, Isengard being the other.[2]

During the Dunlendings' occupation and Wulf's usurpation, Helm Hammerhand sought refuge there during the Long Winter in T.A. 2759. It was renamed Hornburg because a horn sounded from its tower could be heard in the whole Deep.[2]

During the War of the Ring it was commanded by Gamling the Old, and defended off a large-scale attack from Isengard during the Battle of the Hornburg.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Two Towers, "Helm's Deep"
  2. 2.0 2.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Battles of the Fords of Isen", Appendix (ii), p. 371-373