- Main article: Hobbits
Halflings was a name for Hobbits used by Men; it was originally given to them by the tall Dúnedain who had stood two rangar tall, making the average Hobbit about half their height. The term first applied to the Harfoots who became known in Arnor around T.A. 1050 and later to the Fallohides and the Stoors.
The name was used by Gondorians in the Third Age, which they learned from their northern cousins although they knew them only by name; they never had seen a halfling, until Peregrin Took became the first who visited Minas Tirith. By the War of the Ring however, the Gondorians were shorter than their ancestors since the line of the Kings ended, and the halflings were more than half of their height.