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-il is a little-attested ending in the Sindarin language,[note 1] used sometimes to denote feminine gender. Its masculine counterpart is -on.

Its presence causes i-affection to the vowels of the stem (cf. brannon and brennil).

[edit] Etymology

Possibly it derives from a Common Eldarin ending *-illê. This is supported by several Quenya words which end in -illë with Sindarin cognates in -il; most notably compare the Quenya amille "mother" and the Sindarin emil.

[edit] Examples

In at least one case, -il is said to be a diminutive ending; compare how the masculine ending -on can sometimes refer to "great" things.


  1. Some of the examples refer to Noldorin as well


  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Addenda and Corrigenda to the Etymologies — Part One" (edited by Carl F. Hostetter and Patrick H. Wynne), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 45, November 2003 p.5
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, The Etymologies
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Index of Names"