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Tar-Aldarion

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(The Great Mariner)
(Chronology)
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===Chronology===
 
===Chronology===
 
* 700 birth
 
* 700 birth
* 725-27 first voyage to Middle-earth (Mithlond)
+
* 725-27 first voyage to Middle-earth ([[Mithlond]])
* 730-33 second voyage to Middle-earth (Mithlond)
+
* 730-33 second voyage to Middle-earth ([[Mithlond]])
* 735-739 third voyage ; Aldarion explore the coasts southwards, till the great Bay of Belfalas
+
* 735-739 third voyage ; Aldarion explore the coasts southwards, till the great [[Bay of Belfalas]]
 
* 740-50 2 voyages  
 
* 740-50 2 voyages  
* 750 the Guild of Venturers is founded
+
* 750 the [[Guild of Venturers]] is founded
* 750-800 many long voyages (+ de 4 ans mais moins de 14 ans ,  sans doute moins de 10 ans) ; Vinyalondë is founded
+
* 750-800 many long voyages ; [[Vinyalondë]] is founded
 
* 800 Aldarion is proclaimed King's Heir
 
* 800 Aldarion is proclaimed King's Heir
 
* 806-13 Aldarion's seven year voyage
 
* 806-13 Aldarion's seven year voyage
* 816-20 first voyage of the Palarran ; Aldarion offers a diamond to Erendis
+
* 816-20 first voyage of the [[Palarran]] ; Aldarion offers a diamond to [[Erendis]]
* 824-29 voyage of seven ships in defiance of Tar-Meneldur, he comes back with 9 because 2 have been made in Vinyalondë ; Vinyalondë overthrown by sea and plundered by hostiles Men between 824 and 829
+
* 824-29 voyage of 7 ships in defiance of [[Tar-Meneldur]], he comes back with 9 because 2 have been made in [[Vinyalondë]] ; [[Vinyalondë]] overthrown by sea and plundered by hostiles Men between 824 and 829
* 829-843 voyage of fourteen years with 3 ships that followed immediately on the last
+
* 829-843 voyage of 14 years with 3 ships that followed immediately on the last
* 846 Aldarion and Erendis encountered under woods
+
* 846 Aldarion and [[Erendis]] encountered under woods
* 850 Voyage around Numenor with Erendis
+
* 850 Voyage around [[Númenor]] with [[Erendis]]
* 858 Aldarion and Erendis are betrothed
+
* 858 Aldarion and [[Erendis]] are betrothed
* 863-69 voyage undertaken by Aldarion after his betrothal ; he finds Vinyalondë wholly ruined because of the sea despite all his labours to restore it.  
+
* 863-69 voyage undertaken by Aldarion after his betrothal ; he finds [[Vinyalondë]] wholly ruined because of the sea despite all his labours to restore it.  
 
* 870 wedding
 
* 870 wedding
* 873 birth of Ancalimë
+
* 873 birth of [[Ancalimë]]
* 877-82 first voyage of the Hirilondë
+
* 877-82 first voyage of the [[Hirilondë]]
* 882 breach with Erendis883 Aldarion receive the Sceptre of Númenor
+
* 882 breach with [[Erendis]]
* 883-1000 last voyages of Aldarion ; meeting with Galadriel at Tharbad ; works that he begins again at Vinyalondë are never completed, and the sea gnaw them
+
* 883 Aldarion receive the Sceptre of [[Númenor]]
 +
* 883-1000 last voyages of Aldarion ; meeting with [[Galadriel]] at [[Tharbad]] ; works that he begins again at [[Vinyalondë]] are never completed, and the sea gnaw them
  
 
==Etymology==
 
==Etymology==

Revision as of 20:01, 1 March 2021

Tar-Aldarion
Númenórean
Peter Xavier Price - He Knew Her For Erendis.jpg
"He Knew Her For Erendis" by Peter Xavier Price
Biographical Information
PronunciationQ, [ˌtaralˈdari.on]
Other namesAnardil (Q), Anardilya
TitlesKing of Númenor
"Great Captain"
Lord of the Ships and Havens of Númenor
Master of the Forests
PositionMariner
LocationNúmenor
AffiliationGuild of Venturers
LanguageAdûnaic, Quenya and Sindarin
BirthApril, S.A. 700
Forostar
RuleS.A. 883 - 1075 (192 years)
DeathS.A. 1098 (aged 398)
Family
HouseHouse of Elros
ParentageTar-Meneldur and Almarian
SiblingsAilinel and Almiel
SpouseErendis
ChildrenAncalimë
Physical Description
GenderMale
Hair colorGolden
Eye colorBlue
SteedEämbar (ship)
Palarran (ship)
Hirilondë (ship)
GalleryImages of Tar-Aldarion
"Aldarion, for so he is called in all tales, grew swiftly to a man of great stature, strong and vigorous in mind and body, golden-haired as his mother, ready to mirth and generous, but prouder than his father and ever more bent on his own will."
Unfinished Tales, Aldarion and Erendis: The Mariner's Wife

Tar-Aldarion was the sixth King of Númenor,[1] whose major accomplishments were his expansion of Númenor's maritime traditions and his Middle-earth explorations. He was married to Erendis, a Númenórean woman of lesser status than Aldarion himself, and therefore she had a shorter life-span. Aldarion's love for the sea ultimately caused a rift between the couple. The tale of their marriage and estrangement survived the Downfall of Númenor as "Aldarion and Erendis" or "The Mariner's Wife".[2]

Contents

History

The Great Mariner

His first love was the sea, and he was already a great explorer before he became king, leading his crew in long voyages to Middle-earth, mostly against the wishes of his family. Aldarion created the Guild of Venturers, whose quarters were on the ship Eämbar. He made several journeys to Middle-earth and established a friendship with Gil-galad in Lindon.[2] A visionary man, he saw the threat coming from Sauron upon the races of Elves and Men alike, so he built a vital Númenórean port in Middle-earth, at the mouth of the river Gwathló. It was named Vinyalondë and parts of it survived into the Third Age as the port of Lond Daer.[3]

At his command, numerous ships were built, among which 3 were mentioned more often:

  • Eämbar, the "Sea-Home", headquarters for the Guild of Venturers
  • Palarran, the "Far Wanderer", which served him in many voyages
  • Hirilondë, the "Haven-finder", largest in Númenor

However, the first ship he had sailed on belonged to Vëantur and was called Númerrámar, the "West-wings".[2]

Around that time, the Drúedain who were living in Númenor became uneasy when Tar-Aldarion started his great travels and urged him not to go, foreseeing the mischief to come. They did not succeed and one after another they took ships towards Middle-earth.[4] Indeed under his reign the deforesting of Enedwaith and Minhiriath began.[3]

Aldarion and Erendis

Even before they were wed, Aldarion's love for the sea would prove to be Erendis' rival. In their conversations it is often stated that, for Erendis' part, Lady Uinen was her foe, while Aldarion's was the Vala Oromë, referring to his wife's love for the forests and all growing things on the Island of Númenor. Such opposing characters led to the breaking of their marriage, one important factor in their separation being Aldarion's voyages, which kept him away from home for long years. Though in the end, as it is revealed in the letter sent by Gil-galad and read by King Meneldur, Aldarion was right to pursue his explorations, Erendis could not be convinced to renounce her pride and reconcile with him.[2]

Succession

His only child was a daughter, Tar-Ancalimë, so he changed the Law of Succession, replacing the principle of agnatic primogeniture with that of absolute cognatic primogeniture and she became the first ruling Queen of Númenor.[2]

Chronology

  • 700 birth
  • 725-27 first voyage to Middle-earth (Mithlond)
  • 730-33 second voyage to Middle-earth (Mithlond)
  • 735-739 third voyage ; Aldarion explore the coasts southwards, till the great Bay of Belfalas
  • 740-50 2 voyages
  • 750 the Guild of Venturers is founded
  • 750-800 many long voyages ; Vinyalondë is founded
  • 800 Aldarion is proclaimed King's Heir
  • 806-13 Aldarion's seven year voyage
  • 816-20 first voyage of the Palarran ; Aldarion offers a diamond to Erendis
  • 824-29 voyage of 7 ships in defiance of Tar-Meneldur, he comes back with 9 because 2 have been made in Vinyalondë ; Vinyalondë overthrown by sea and plundered by hostiles Men between 824 and 829
  • 829-843 voyage of 14 years with 3 ships that followed immediately on the last
  • 846 Aldarion and Erendis encountered under woods
  • 850 Voyage around Númenor with Erendis
  • 858 Aldarion and Erendis are betrothed
  • 863-69 voyage undertaken by Aldarion after his betrothal ; he finds Vinyalondë wholly ruined because of the sea despite all his labours to restore it.
  • 870 wedding
  • 873 birth of Ancalimë
  • 877-82 first voyage of the Hirilondë
  • 882 breach with Erendis
  • 883 Aldarion receive the Sceptre of Númenor
  • 883-1000 last voyages of Aldarion ; meeting with Galadriel at Tharbad ; works that he begins again at Vinyalondë are never completed, and the sea gnaw them

Etymology

Aldarion (stem Aldariond-) signifies "Son of the trees" (alda + -ion) because he was a noted tree steward and forester — trees were essential to the construction of his fleets, but he took great care to replenish what was being felled.[source?]

Genealogy

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tar-Elendil
350 - 751
 
 
 
 
 
Vëantur
b. 451
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Elatan
unknown
 
Silmariën
b. 521
 
Isilmë
b. 532
 
Tar-Meneldur
543 - 942
 
Almarian
unknown
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Valandil
b. 630
 
Erendis
771 - 985
 
TAR-ALDARION
700 - 1098
 
Ailinel
b. 712
 
Orchaldor
unknown
 
Almiel
b. 729
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lords of
Andúnië
 
 
 
Tar-Ancalimë
873 - 1285
 
Hallacar
852 - 1211
 
Soronto
b. 799
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tar-Anárion
1003 - 1404
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Line of Elros: Kings of Númenor", Tar-Aldarion
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "Aldarion and Erendis: The Mariner's Wife"
  3. 3.0 3.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", "Appendix D: The Port of Lond Daer"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Drúedain"

See also

Tar-Aldarion
House of Elros
Born: S.A. 700 Died: S.A. 1098
Preceded by:
Tar-Meneldur
6th King of Númenor
S.A. 883 - 1075
Followed by:
Tar-Ancalimë

Kings of Númenor
Elros Tar-Minyatur (S.A. 32 - 442) · Tar-Vardamir* (442) · Tar-Amandil (442 - 590) · Tar-Elendil (590 - 740) · Tar-Meneldur (740 - 883) · Tar-Aldarion (883 - 1075) · Tar-AncalimëQ (1075 - 1280) · Tar-Anárion (1280 - 1394) · Tar-Súrion (1394 - 1556) · Tar-TelperiënQ (1556 - 1731) · Tar-Minastir (1731 - 1869) · Tar-Ciryatan (1869 - 2029) · Tar-Atanamir (2029 - 2221) · Tar-Ancalimon (2221 - 2386) · Tar-Telemmaitë (2386 - 2526) · Tar-VanimeldëQ (2526 - 2637) · Tar-Anducal (2637 - 2657) · Tar-Alcarin (2657 - 2737) · Tar-Calmacil (2737 - 2825) · Tar-Ardamin (2825 - 2899) · Ar-Adûnakhôr (2899 - 2962) · Ar-Zimrathôn (2962 - 3033) · Ar-Sakalthôr (3033 - 3102) · Ar-Gimilzôr (3102 - 3177) · Tar-Palantir (3177 - 3255) · Ar-Pharazôn (3255 - 3319)
* Immediately abdicated in favour of his son · Q Ruling Queens · Usurped throne. Later struck off the Line of Kings · Usurped throne from his cousin Tar-Míriel
Númenor
Andor · Atalantë · Elenna · Mar-nu-Falmar · Númenórë · Westernesse
Regions Andustar · Arandor · Emerië · Forostar · Hyarastorni · Hyarnustar · Hyarrostar · Kingsland · Mittalmar · Nísimaldar · Orrostar
Towns and cities Almaida · Andúnië · Armenelos · Eldalondë · Nindamos · Ondosto · Rómenna
Buildings Calmindon · Eämbar · King's Court · Temple · White House of Erendis
Natural features Bay of Eldanna · Bay of Rómenna · Firth of Rómenna · Meneltarma (mountain) · Nísinen (lake) · North Cape · Nunduinë (river) · Oromet (mountain) · Siril (river) · Sorontil (mountain) · Tarmasundar (ridges)
Plants and trees Fragrant Trees · Lairelossë · Laurinquë · Lavaralda · Nessamelda · Nimloth · Oiolairë · Taniquelassë · Vardarianna · Yavannamírë
Concepts Adûnaic · Ban of the Valar · Council of the Sceptre · Lavaralda · Númenórean Sindarin · Sceptre of Númenor · Three Prayers (Eruhantalë · Erukyermë · Erulaitalë)
Key people Aldarion · Amandil · Elros · Erendis · Faithful · Guild of Venturers · Isildur · Kings and Queens of Númenor · King's Men · Lords of Andúnië · Meneldur · Miriel · Palantir · Pharazôn · Sauron · Silmariën
Main texts The Silmarillion ("Akallabêth") · Unfinished Tales ("A Description of the Island of Númenor" · "Aldarion and Erendis: The Mariner's Wife" · "The Line of Elros: Kings of Númenor") · The Lord of the Rings · ("Appendix A" · "Appendix B")