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OR (also ORO and ) is a Primitive Quendian root signifying "rise, mount". The reverse root is said to be NŪ, NDŪ ("sink, go down").[1]

In a letter, Tolkien noted the root ŌR/RO, signifying "rise up, go high".[2]



Other versions

In the Qenya Lexicon appears the roots ORO (with the descendant Qenya form oro- "rise") and RŌ, ROHO (with the descendant Qenya rōna- "arise, rise, ascend").[3]

In the Etymologies appears the roots ORO- ("up; rise; high") RŌ- ("rise"). Amongs its derivatives are:[4]

  • ORO-
    • Quenya: óre ("rising"); orta- ("rise, raise")
    • Noldorin: or ("above"); ortho ("raise"); erio ("rise")
    • ÓROT- ("height, mountain")
    • ÓR-NI- ("high tree")
      • Quenya: orne
      • Noldorin: orn
      • Doriathrin: orn

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), pp. 63-4, 112, 171 (roots appearing as "√OR-", "ORO", "RŌ", "√OR/RŌ")
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 J.R.R. Tolkien; Humphrey Carpenter, Christopher Tolkien (eds.), The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien, Letter 347, (dated 17 December 1972), p. 426 (root appearing as "√ŌR/RO")
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Qenyaqetsa: The Qenya Phonology and Lexicon", in Parma Eldalamberon XII (edited by Carl F. Hostetter, Christopher Gilson, Arden R. Smith, and Patrick H. Wynne)
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Part Three: The Etymologies", pp. 379, 384