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Menelmacar

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The constellation '''Menelmacar''', the '''Swordsman of the Sky''',<ref>{{FR|I3}}</ref> is one of the [[constellations]] set in the heavens by [[Varda]] to enlighten the awakening of the [[Elves]]. It was gathered by Varda from among the ancient stars, set as a foreboding of the [[Last Battle]].<ref name="silm">{{S|3}}</ref>
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'''Menelmacar''', the '''Swordsman of the Sky''',<ref>{{FR|I3}}</ref> one of the [[constellations]] set in the heavens by [[Varda]] to enlighten the awakening of the [[Elves]]. It was gathered by Varda from among the ancient stars, set as a foreboding of the [[Last Battle]].<ref name="silm">{{S|3}}</ref>
 
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==Etymology==
 
==Etymology==
 
The elements of the [[Quenya]] name are: ''[[menel]]'', "the heavens" and ''macar'' "swordsman", therefore "Heaven-Swordsman".<ref>{{S|Elements}}</ref><ref>{{HM|Guide}}, p. 256</ref>  
 
The elements of the [[Quenya]] name are: ''[[menel]]'', "the heavens" and ''macar'' "swordsman", therefore "Heaven-Swordsman".<ref>{{S|Elements}}</ref><ref>{{HM|Guide}}, p. 256</ref>  
  
 
==Other names==
 
==Other names==
Menelmacar is called Menelmakil in a note by Tolkien to his essay [[Quendi and Eldar]] on the origin of the Elvish names for Elves. <ref>{{WJ|P4}}, pp. 359-424</ref> <!--The word ''makil'' is translated as sword, therefore, Menelmakil means "Heaven-Sword" (It is possible that it may be an error).
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Menelmacar is called Menelmakil in a note to Tolkien's essay [[Quendi and Eldar]]. <ref>{{WJ|P4}}, pp. 359-424</ref> <!--The word ''makil'' is translated as sword, therefore, Menelmakil means "Heaven-Sword" (It is possible that it may be an error).
 
Telumehtar and Menelvagor are also listed as other names, meaning "Warrior of the Sky" and "Swordsman of the Sky" respectively.
 
Telumehtar and Menelvagor are also listed as other names, meaning "Warrior of the Sky" and "Swordsman of the Sky" respectively.
Other name-forms and names: Menelmakar, see especially the article [[Telimektar]].-->(Note 15, WJ 411).
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Other name-forms and names: Menelmakar, see especially the article [[Telimektar]].-->
 
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In [[The Etymologies]] (s.v. MAK-; LR 371) the word ''makil'' is translated as 'sword', whereas 'warrior' is ''mahtar'' ( > -''mehtar'' in ''Telumehtar''; -''makar'' in ''Menelmacar'' ). The spelling ''Menelmakil'' may be just an error.
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'''Abbreviations:'''
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LR = [[The Lost Road and Other Writings]] (The History of Middle-earth, vol. 5).
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WJ = [[The War of the Jewels]] (The History of Middle-earth, vol. 11).
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==Inspiration==
 
==Inspiration==
 
Menelmacar is identified as the constellation [[wikipedia:Orion (constellation)|Orion]].<ref>{{S|Index}}</ref>
 
Menelmacar is identified as the constellation [[wikipedia:Orion (constellation)|Orion]].<ref>{{S|Index}}</ref>
 
{{Notes}}
 
  
 
{{references}}
 
{{references}}

Revision as of 09:50, 24 January 2022

Menelmacar, the Swordsman of the Sky,[1] one of the constellations set in the heavens by Varda to enlighten the awakening of the Elves. It was gathered by Varda from among the ancient stars, set as a foreboding of the Last Battle.[2]

Contents

Etymology

The elements of the Quenya name are: menel, "the heavens" and macar "swordsman", therefore "Heaven-Swordsman".[3][4]

Other names

Menelmacar is called Menelmakil in a note to Tolkien's essay Quendi and Eldar. [5]

Inspiration

Menelmacar is identified as the constellation Orion.[6]

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "Three is Company"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Coming of the Elves and the Captivity of Melkor"
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Appendix: Elements in Quenya and Sindarin Names"
  4. Robert Foster, The Complete Guide to Middle-earth, p. 256
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "Part Four. Quendi and Eldar", pp. 359-424
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Index of Names"
Middle-earth Cosmology
 Constellations  Anarríma · Durin's Crown · Menelmacar · Remmirath · Soronúmë · Telumendil · Valacirca · Wilwarin
Stars  Alcarinquë · Borgil · Carnil · Elemmírë · Helluin · Luinil · Lumbar · Morwinyon · Nénar · Star of Eärendil · Til 
The Airs  Aiwenórë · Fanyamar · Ilmen · Menel · Vaiya · Veil of Arda · Vista
Narsilion  Arien · Moon (Isil, Ithil, Rána) · Sun (Anar, Anor, Vása) · Tilion
See also  Abyss · Arda · Circles of the World · · Timeless Halls · Two Lamps · Two Trees · Void