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Laurelin

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'''''Culúrien''''', containing the [[Elvish]] elements ''[[KUL|cul-]]'' ("golden-red")<ref>{{S|Appendix}}, ''cul-''</ref>, ''[[rië]]'' ("crown, garland")<ref name=PE>{{PE|17}}, p. 182 ("''rië'' garland")</ref><ref name=LR>{{LR|Etymologies}}, p. 383 ("''rie'' crown")</ref>, and ''[[-n]]'' (ending particle).<ref>https://folk.uib.no/hnohf/qlist.htm</ref>
 
'''''Culúrien''''', containing the [[Elvish]] elements ''[[KUL|cul-]]'' ("golden-red")<ref>{{S|Appendix}}, ''cul-''</ref>, ''[[rië]]'' ("crown, garland")<ref name=PE>{{PE|17}}, p. 182 ("''rië'' garland")</ref><ref name=LR>{{LR|Etymologies}}, p. 383 ("''rie'' crown")</ref>, and ''[[-n]]'' (ending particle).<ref>https://folk.uib.no/hnohf/qlist.htm</ref>
  
'''''Malinalda''''' ("Tree of Gold"),<ref name=SI>{{S|Index}}</ref> composed of the roots ''[[mal-]]'' ("gold")<ref>{{S|Appendix, ''mal-''}}</ref>, ''[[alda]]'' ("tree")<ref>{{S|Appendix, 'alda''}},</ref> and ''[[in]]'' (grammatical particle).<ref>https://folk.uib.no/hnohf/qlist.htm</ref>
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'''''Malinalda''''' ("Tree of Gold"),<ref name=SI>{{S|Index}}</ref> composed of the roots ''[[mal-]]'' ("gold")<ref>{{S|Appendix}}, ''mal-''</ref>, ''[[alda]]'' ("tree")<ref>{{S|Appendix}}, 'alda'',</ref> and ''[[in]]'' (grammatical particle).<ref>https://folk.uib.no/hnohf/qlist.htm</ref>
  
 
In [[The Later Quenta Silmarillion|The Later ''Quenta Silmarillion'']] manuscript, the Sindarin name of Laurelin is '''''Galadlóriel'''''. In a footnote to the same page three other Sindarin names of Laurelin are given: '''''Glewellin''''' ("song of gold", the same as Laurelin), '''''Lasgalen''''' ("green of leaf"<ref>Cf. also ''[[Eryn Lasgalen]]'', "Wood of Greenleaves".</ref>), '''''Melthinorn''''' ("tree of gold").<ref>{{MR|P3I2}} (p. 155).</ref>
 
In [[The Later Quenta Silmarillion|The Later ''Quenta Silmarillion'']] manuscript, the Sindarin name of Laurelin is '''''Galadlóriel'''''. In a footnote to the same page three other Sindarin names of Laurelin are given: '''''Glewellin''''' ("song of gold", the same as Laurelin), '''''Lasgalen''''' ("green of leaf"<ref>Cf. also ''[[Eryn Lasgalen]]'', "Wood of Greenleaves".</ref>), '''''Melthinorn''''' ("tree of gold").<ref>{{MR|P3I2}} (p. 155).</ref>

Revision as of 20:25, 28 June 2020

Laurelin
Tree/source of light
Ralph Damiani - Laurelin.jpg
"Laurelin" by Ralph Damiani
Pronunciationlow-re-lin
Other namesTulukhedelgorūs (V)
LocationEzellohar
AppearanceGold-trimmed leaves
CreatorYavanna
V.Y. 3450–3500
DestroyerMelkor and Ungoliant
Y.T. 1495
GalleryImages of Laurelin

Laurelin was the Golden Tree of Aman, the female mate of Telperion, and the younger of the Two Trees of Valinor. Laurelin had gold-trimmed leaves and her dew was collected by Varda.[1]

Contents

History

Laurelin was created by the Vala Yavanna and Nienna on the hill of Ezellohar where she shed their light on the realm of the Valar in the long years before the making of the Sun and Moon. Laurelin, the youngest of the two, flowered second and bloomed during the latter part of each Valian day. [1]

Laurelin by Daniel Govar

She was destroyed by Melkor, who used the giant spider spirit Ungoliant to his evil purpose during the theft of the Silmarils, which caused the Darkening of Valinor.[2] Through the power of Nienna and Yavanna, though, Laurelin produced a single fiery fruit before she died. This golden fire was set in a vessel made by Aulë and his people, and steered into the sky by the Maia Arien, making the Sun.[3]

In the First Age, Turgon made images of the Two Trees that stood in his court of Gondolin, and the one made in memory of Laurelin was Glingal.[4]

Etymology

Laurelin is said to mean "Song of Gold".[5] The name Laurelin appears to be Quenya and contains laure ("gold") and linde ("song").[6][5]

Names

Other names for Laurelin were:

Culúrien, containing the Elvish elements cul- ("golden-red")[7], rië ("crown, garland")[8][9], and -n (ending particle).[10]

Malinalda ("Tree of Gold"),[5] composed of the roots mal- ("gold")[11], alda ("tree")[12] and in (grammatical particle).[13]

In The Later Quenta Silmarillion manuscript, the Sindarin name of Laurelin is Galadlóriel. In a footnote to the same page three other Sindarin names of Laurelin are given: Glewellin ("song of gold", the same as Laurelin), Lasgalen ("green of leaf"[14]), Melthinorn ("tree of gold").[15]

The Valarin name of Laurelin was Tulukhedelgorūs.[16]

Other versions of the legendarium

"...It is a long tale..." — Aragorn
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Vána named the tree Lindeloksë ("singing cluster").[17]

Other of the early names of Laurelin was Glingal (Noldorin, emmended from Glingol), which was later used for the golden tree of Gondolin.[18]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Beginning of Days"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Darkening of Valinor"
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Sun and Moon and the Hiding of Valinor"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Noldor in Beleriand"
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Index of Names"
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Part Three: The Etymologies", pp. 358, 368
  7. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Appendix: Elements in Quenya and Sindarin Names", cul-
  8. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), p. 182 ("rië garland")
  9. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Part Three: The Etymologies", p. 383 ("rie crown")
  10. https://folk.uib.no/hnohf/qlist.htm
  11. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Appendix: Elements in Quenya and Sindarin Names", mal-
  12. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Appendix: Elements in Quenya and Sindarin Names", 'alda,
  13. https://folk.uib.no/hnohf/qlist.htm
  14. Cf. also Eryn Lasgalen, "Wood of Greenleaves".
  15. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Morgoth's Ring, "Part Three. The Later Quenta Silmarillion: (I) The First Phase: 2. Of Valinor and the Two Trees" (p. 155).
  16. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "Part Four. Quendi and Eldar: Appendix D. *Kwen, Quenya, and the Elvish (especially Ñoldorin) words for 'Language': Note on the 'Language of the Valar'", p. 401
  17. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Book of Lost Tales Part One, "III. The Coming of the Valar and the Building of Valinor", p. 72
  18. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lays of Beleriand, "I. The Lay of the Children of Húrin: III. Failivrin", pp. 80-81