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==Etymology==
 
==Etymology==
[[File:Turner Mohan - The Ringbearers.jpg|thumb|left|200px|"The Ringbearers" by [[:Category:Images by Turner Mohan|Turner Mohan]]]]
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[[File:Turner Mohan - The Ringbearers.jpg|thumb|left|Turner Mohan - ''The Ringbearers'']]
 
Sméagol's (pron. {{IPA|[ˈsmæ͡ɑːɣoɫ]}}) name is [[Old English]] one, from ''sméah'', and adjective meaning "''creeping in, penetrating''". It is etymologically related to the word [[smials]]. This title was also applied by the Anglo-Saxons to the Biblical Cain, from the story of Cain's murder of his brother Abel in Genesis. This draws a clear connection between the two.
 
Sméagol's (pron. {{IPA|[ˈsmæ͡ɑːɣoɫ]}}) name is [[Old English]] one, from ''sméah'', and adjective meaning "''creeping in, penetrating''". It is etymologically related to the word [[smials]]. This title was also applied by the Anglo-Saxons to the Biblical Cain, from the story of Cain's murder of his brother Abel in Genesis. This draws a clear connection between the two.
  
 
Sméagol is the translation of an actual [[Westron]] name ''[[Trahald]]''. The meaning of which was "burrowing, worming in" or "apt to creep into a hole". In both [[Westron]] and Old English, Sméagol's name is related to [[Smaug]]'s: Smaug's name in "true [[Dalish]]" was ''[[Trāgu]]'', and the ''Trah-'' stem in Trahald and Trâgu is thus an analogue of the Germanic stem present in both Sméagol and Smaug.
 
Sméagol is the translation of an actual [[Westron]] name ''[[Trahald]]''. The meaning of which was "burrowing, worming in" or "apt to creep into a hole". In both [[Westron]] and Old English, Sméagol's name is related to [[Smaug]]'s: Smaug's name in "true [[Dalish]]" was ''[[Trāgu]]'', and the ''Trah-'' stem in Trahald and Trâgu is thus an analogue of the Germanic stem present in both Sméagol and Smaug.
  
[[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien]] explained in his "[[Guide to the Names in The Lord of the Rings|Guide to the Names in ''The Lord of the Rings'']]" the origin of the name ''Sméagol'' in the lemma on [[smials]]:
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[[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien]] explained in his "[[Guide to the Names in The Lord of the Rings]]" the origin of the name ''Sméagol'' in the lemma on [[smials]]:
{{blockquote|'''Smials'''. A word peculiar to hobbits (not Common Speech), meaning 'burrow'; leave unchanged. It is a form that the Old English word '''smygel''' 'burrow' might have had, if it had survived. The same element appears in Gollum's real name, '''Sméagol'''.}}
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{{quote|'''Smials'''. A word peculiar to hobbits (not Common Speech), meaning 'burrow'; leave unchanged. It is a form that the Old English word '''smygel''' 'burrow' might have had, if it had survived. The same element appears in Gollum's real name, '''Sméagol'''.}}
  
The name [[Smaug]] which means "squeezed through a hole" is thus related.<ref>{{L|31}}</ref>
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The name [[Smaug]] which means "squeezed through a hole" is thus related.<ref>{{HM|L}}, [[Letter 31]]</ref>
  
 
===Pronunciation===
 
===Pronunciation===

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