|"Until the world is broken and remade" by Jenny Dolfen|
|Other names||Tar-Minyatur (Q), Elerossë (Q), Gimilzôr (A)|
|Titles||King of Númenor|
|Location||Havens of Sirion|
|Language||Adûnaic, Sindarin, Quenya|
|Birth||F.A. 532 |
Havens of Sirion, Beleriand
|Rule||S.A. 32 - 442 (410 years)|
|Death||S.A. 442 (aged 500)|
|Notable for||Founding the line of Kings of Númenor|
|House||Descended from the House of Hador, founded House of Elros|
|Heritage||Half-elven father, Half-elven mother|
Maglor, foster father
|Children||Vardamir, Tindómiel, Manwendil and Atanalcar|
|Gallery||Images of Elros|
Elros was the son of Eärendil, the great hero of the First Age, and his wife Elwing. He was the twin brother of Elrond and both were Half-elven. Choosing to live as a mortal Man, he became a lord of the Edain and the first King of Númenor, taking the name Tar-Minyatur.
Elros and Elrond were born in the Havens of Sirion during the darkest days of the First Age, when the forces of Morgoth controlled most of Beleriand. When the twins were just six years old, the Sons of Fëanor, bound by their Oath, assaulted the Havens in the Third Kinslaying since they desired the Silmaril on the Nauglamír held by Elwing. Eärendil was at sea, and Elwing barely escaped with the Nauglamír.
Maedhros and Maglor, the only Sons of Fëanor to survive the assault upon the Havens, captured the twin boys and Maglor raised them for a time. They were later found by other elves as the twins were playing by a forest waterfall under the starlight; these gave him the name Elros meaning "star-foam" (see Etymology) and protected them through the end of the First Age..
After the War of Wrath and the destruction of Beleriand, the Valar gave the twin Peredhil the choice over their race and fate. Elros chose the Gift of Men, but still, he was blessed with a life longer than any other mortal Man's.
In the first years of the Second Age, the Valar had prepared for the Edain, as a reward for their struggle against Morgoth, a large island in the western part of the Great Sea. Now by right a lord of the Edain[note 1], Elros led his people across the sea, guided by the Star of Eärendil his father, to the island. For this the island was called Elenna meaning "starwards", and was the closest of mortal lands to the Blessed Realm, though Men were forbidden to go so far westward that the coasts of Elenna were no longer visible. The Valar also gave the Edain substantially longer lifespans than those of Men remaining in Middle-earth, and Elros and his descendants had the longest lives of all the people.
Elros founded the realm of Númenor and became its first King in the year 32 of the Second Age. He took a royal name in Quenya, Tar-Minyatur, thus setting a tradition for the kings of Númenor to take a royal name in Quenya. He brought with him the Ring of Barahir, the Axe of Tuor, the Bow of Bregor and Thingol's sword Aranrúth as family heirlooms.
Elros had four children: three sons, Vardamir Nólimon, Manwendil, and Atanalcar; and one daughter, Tindómiel.[note 2] After living five centuries, and ruling Númenor for 410 years, Elros died and his son Vardamir Nólimon took up the Sceptre of Númenor as Tar-Vardamir. But because Elros had lived so long, Tar-Vardamir was already old, and was thus only a titular King: he immediately surrendered the Sceptre to his son, Tar-Amandil.
Elros is a Sindarin name meaning "Elf of the spray", based on a tale from his early childhood when the Sons of Fëanor abducted the twins until Maedhros found them playing in a forest waterfall. Alternatively, his name could mean "star-foam". The Sindarin elements are el ("star") and ros ("foam").
Elros' royal name, Tar-Minyatur, is Quenya for "High First-Lord", consisting of tar ("high") + minya ("first") + tur ("master, lord"). All the Kings and Queens after Elros who took their names in Quenya also used the prefix tar- in their royal names.
In early versions of the legendarium, Elros' Adûnaic name was Indilzar, which was changed to Gimilzôr. However, in later versions of the Númenórean tale (Ar-)Gimilzôr was the name of the twenty-third King of Númenor.
b. F.A. 472
born during Y.T.
F.A. 470 - 506
d. F.A. 506
b. F.A. 503
b. F.A. 503
F.A. 532 - S.A. 442
b. F.A. 532
S.A. 61 - 471
192 - 603
House of Elros
|1st King of Númenor|
S.A. 32 - 442
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "Part Three. The Wanderings of Húrin and Other Writings not forming part of the Quenta Silmarillion: V. The Tale of Years", version C of the manuscript, year changed to [>532], p. 348
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Line of Elros: Kings of Númenor", first page of the chapter
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Voyage of Eärendil and the War of Wrath"
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Akallabêth: The Downfall of Númenor"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "A Description of the Island of Númenor", "Notes", Note 2
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "Aldarion and Erendis: The Mariner's Wife", "The earlier generations of the Line of Elros"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Index of Names"
- ↑ 8.0 8.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Appendix: Elements in Quenya and Sindarin Names", entry ross
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Appendix: Elements in Quenya and Sindarin Names", entries minya, tur
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "V. The History of the Akallabêth", p. 164
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Sauron Defeated, "Part Three: The Drowning of Anadûnê, with the Third Version of The Fall of Númenor, and Lowdham's Report on the Adunaic Language", pp. 380-1 (§20)
|Kings of Númenor|
|Elros Tar-Minyatur (S.A. 32 - 442) · Tar-Vardamir* (442) · Tar-Amandil (442 - 590) · Tar-Elendil (590 - 740) · Tar-Meneldur (740 - 883) · Tar-Aldarion (883 - 1075) · Tar-AncalimëQ (1075 - 1280) · Tar-Anárion (1280 - 1394) · Tar-Súrion (1394 - 1556) · Tar-TelperiënQ (1556 - 1731) · Tar-Minastir (1731 - 1869) · Tar-Ciryatan (1869 - 2029) · Tar-Atanamir (2029 - 2221) · Tar-Ancalimon (2221 - 2386) · Tar-Telemmaitë (2386 - 2526) · Tar-VanimeldëQ (2526 - 2637) · Tar-Anducal† (2637 - 2657) · Tar-Alcarin (2657 - 2737) · Tar-Calmacil (2737 - 2825) · Tar-Ardamin (2825 - 2899) · Ar-Adûnakhôr (2899 - 2962) · Ar-Zimrathôn (2962 - 3033) · Ar-Sakalthôr (3033 - 3102) · Ar-Gimilzôr (3102 - 3177) · Tar-Palantir (3177 - 3255) · Ar-Pharazôn‡ (3255 - 3319)|
|* Immediately abdicated in favour of his son · Q Ruling Queens · † Usurped throne. Later struck off the Line of Kings · ‡ Usurped throne from his cousin Tar-Míriel|