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Elros

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| pronun=([[Sindarin|S]], {{IPA|[ˈɛlrɔs]}})
| othernames=''Tar-Minyatur'' ([[Quenya|Q]])
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| othernames=''Tar-Minyatur'' ([[Quenya|Q]]), ''Elerossë'' ([[Quenya|Q]]), ''Gimilzôr'' ([[Adûnaic|A]])
 
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}}'''Elros''' ([[Sindarin|S]], pron. {{IPA|[ˈɛlrɔs]}}) was the son of [[Eärendil]], the great hero of the [[First Age]], and his wife [[Elwing]]. He was the twin brother of [[Elrond]] and both were [[Half-elven]].<ref name="Earendil">{{S|Earendil}}</ref> Choosing to live as a mortal Man, he became a lord of the [[Edain]] and the first [[King of Númenor]], taking the name '''Tar-Minyatur''' ([[Quenya|Q]], pron. {{IPA|[tarˈminjatur]}}).
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}}
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'''Elros''' was the son of [[Eärendil]], the great hero of the [[First Age]], and his wife [[Elwing]]. He was the twin brother of [[Elrond]] and both were [[Half-elven]].<ref name="Earendil">{{S|Earendil}}</ref> Choosing to live as a mortal Man, he became a lord of the [[Edain]] and the first [[King of Númenor]], taking the name '''Tar-Minyatur'''.
  
 
== History ==
 
== History ==
[[File:Catherine Karina Chmiel - And Maglor took pity upon them.jpg|thumb|left|''And Maglor took pity upon them'' by Catherine Karina Chmiel]]
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Elros and Elrond were born in the [[Mouths of Sirion|Havens of Sirion]] during the darkest days of the First Age, when the forces of [[Morgoth]] controlled most of [[Beleriand]]. When the twins were just six years old, the [[Sons of Fëanor]], bound by their [[Oath of Fëanor|Oath]], assaulted the Havens in the [[Third Kinslaying]] since they desired the [[Silmaril]] on the [[Nauglamír]] held by Elwing. Eärendil was at sea, and Elwing barely escaped with the Nauglamír.  
Elros and Elrond were born in the [[Mouths of Sirion|Havens of Sirion]] during the darkest days of the First Age, when the forces of [[Morgoth]] controlled most of [[Beleriand]]. When the twins were just six years old, the [[Sons of Fëanor]], bound by their [[Oath of Fëanor|Oath]], assaulted the Havens in the [[Third Kinslaying]] since they desired the [[Silmaril]] on the [[Nauglamír]] held by Eärendil. He was at sea, and Elwing barely escaped with the Nauglamír.  
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[[File:Catherine Karina Chmiel - And Maglor took pity upon them.jpg|thumb|left|''And Maglor took pity upon them'' by [[Catherine Karina Chmiel]]]]
 
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[[Maedhros]] and [[Maglor]], the only Sons of Fëanor to survive the assault upon the Havens, captured the twin boys and Maglor raised them for a time. They were later found by other elves as the twins were playing by a forest waterfall under the starlight; these gave him the name Elros meaning "star-foam" (see [[#Etymology|Etymology]]) and protected them through the end of the First Age.<ref name="Earendil"/>.
[[Maedhros]] and [[Maglor]], the only Sons of Fëanor to repudiate their deeds, spared the twin boys and raised them for a time. They were later found by other elves as the twins were playing by a forest waterfall under the starlight; these gave him the name Elros meaning "star-foam" (see [[#Etymology|Etymology]]) and protected them through the end of the First Age.<ref name="Earendil"/>.
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After the [[War of Wrath]] and the destruction of Beleriand, the Valar gave the twin ''[[Peredhil]]'' the choice over their race and fate. Elros chose the [[Gift of Men]],<ref name="Earendil"/> but still, he was blessed with a life longer than any other mortal Man's.
 
After the [[War of Wrath]] and the destruction of Beleriand, the Valar gave the twin ''[[Peredhil]]'' the choice over their race and fate. Elros chose the [[Gift of Men]],<ref name="Earendil"/> but still, he was blessed with a life longer than any other mortal Man's.
  
In the first years of the [[Second Age]], the Valar had prepared for the Edain, as a reward for their struggle against Morgoth, a large island in the western part of the [[Great Sea]]. Now by right a lord of the [[Edain]]<ref group=note>His father, Eärendil, was a descendant of the Lords of all Three Houses</ref>, Elros led his people across the sea, guided by the [[Star of Eärendil]] his father, to the island. For this the island was called [[Elenna]] meaning "starwards", and was the closest of mortal lands to the [[Blessed Realm]], though Men were [[Ban of the Valar|forbidden to go]] any further west than Elenna. The Valar also gave the Edain substantially longer lifespans than most Men had, and Elros and his descendants had the longest lives of all the people.<ref name=Akallabeth>{{S|Akallabeth}}</ref>
+
In the first years of the [[Second Age]], the Valar had prepared for the Edain, as a reward for their struggle against Morgoth, a large island in the western part of the [[Great Sea]]. Now by right a lord of the [[Edain]]<ref group=note>His father, Eärendil, was a descendant of the Lords of all Three Houses</ref>, Elros led his people across the sea, guided by the [[Star of Eärendil]] his father, to the island. For this the island was called [[Elenna]] meaning "starwards", and was the closest of mortal lands to the [[Blessed Realm]], though Men were [[Ban of the Valar|forbidden to go]] so far westward that the coasts of Elenna were no longer visible. The Valar also gave the Edain substantially longer lifespans than those of Men remaining in Middle-earth, and Elros and his descendants had the longest lives of all the people.<ref name=Akallabeth>{{S|Akallabeth}}</ref>
  
 
Elros founded the realm of [[Númenor]] and became its first [[King of Númenor|King]] in the year 32 of the Second Age. He took a royal name in [[Quenya]], ''Tar-Minyatur'', thus setting a tradition for the kings of Númenor to take a royal name in Quenya.<ref name="Kings"/> He brought with him the [[Ring of Barahir]], the [[Dramborleg|Axe of Tuor]], the [[Bow of Bregor|Bow]] of [[Bregor]] and [[Thingol]]'s sword [[Aranrúth]] as family heirlooms.<ref>{{UT|3a}}, Note 2</ref>
 
Elros founded the realm of [[Númenor]] and became its first [[King of Númenor|King]] in the year 32 of the Second Age. He took a royal name in [[Quenya]], ''Tar-Minyatur'', thus setting a tradition for the kings of Númenor to take a royal name in Quenya.<ref name="Kings"/> He brought with him the [[Ring of Barahir]], the [[Dramborleg|Axe of Tuor]], the [[Bow of Bregor|Bow]] of [[Bregor]] and [[Thingol]]'s sword [[Aranrúth]] as family heirlooms.<ref>{{UT|3a}}, Note 2</ref>
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== Etymology ==
 
== Etymology ==
''Elros'' is a [[Sindarin]] name meaning "Elf of the spray", based on a tale from his early childhood when the [[Sons of Fëanor]] abducted the twins until [[Maedhros]] found them playing in a forest waterfall. Alternatively, his name could mean "star-foam".<ref>{{S|Index}}</ref> The Sindarin elements are ''[[el]]'' ("star") and ''[[ros]]'' ("foam").<ref name=Elements>{{S|Elements}}</ref>
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''Elros'' is a [[Sindarin]] name meaning "Elf of the spray", based on a tale from his early childhood when the [[Sons of Fëanor]] abducted the twins until [[Maedhros]] found them playing in a forest waterfall. Alternatively, his name could mean "star-foam".<ref>{{S|Index}}</ref> The Sindarin elements are ''[[el]]'' ("star") and ''[[ros]]'' ("foam").<ref name=Elements>{{S|Elements}}, entry ''[[ros]]s''</ref>
  
''Elros'' is the [[Sindarin]] form of [[Quenya]] '''''Elerossë''''' (pron. {{IPA|[ˌeleˈrosːe]}}).<ref name=Elements/>
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==Other names==
 +
The [[Quenya]] form of ''Elros'' was '''''Elerossë'''''.<ref name=Elements/>
  
==Other names and titles==
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Elros' royal name, '''''Tar-Minyatur''''', is [[Quenya]] for "High First-Lord", consisting of ''[[tar]]'' ("high") + ''[[minya]]'' ("first") + ''[[tur]]'' ("master, lord").<ref>{{S|Elements}}, entries ''[[minya]]'', ''[[tur]]''</ref> All the Kings and [[Ruling Queen of Númenor|Queens]] after Elros who took their names in Quenya also used the prefix ''tar-'' in their royal names.
  
Elros' royal name, '''''Tar-Minyatur''''', is [[Quenya]] for "High First-Lord", consisting of ''[[tar]]'' ("high") + ''[[minya]]'' ("first") + ''[[tur]]'' ("master, lord").{{fact}} All the Kings and [[Ruling Queen of Númenor|Queens]] after Elros who took their names in Quenya also used the prefix ''tar-'' in their royal names.
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In early versions of the [[legendarium]], Elros' [[Adûnaic]] name was ''Indilzar'',<ref>{{PM|Akallabeth}}, p. 164</ref> which was changed to '''''Gimilzôr'''''. However, in later versions of the Númenórean tale ''[[Ar-Gimilzôr|(Ar-)Gimilzôr]]'' was the name of the twenty-third King of Númenor.<ref>{{SD|Drowning}}, pp. 380-1 (§20)</ref>
 
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In early versions of the [[legendarium]], Elros' [[Adûnaic]] name was ''Indilzar'',<ref>{{PM|Akallabeth}}, p.164</ref> which was changed to ''Gimilzôr''. However, in later versions of the Númenórean tale ''[[Ar-Gimilzôr|(Ar-)Gimilzôr]]'' was the name of the twenty-third King of Númenor.<ref>{{SD|Drowning}}, pp. 380-1 (§20)</ref>
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== Genealogy ==
 
== Genealogy ==
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{{familytree | AMA | | VAR | | AUL | | NOL |AMA=[[Tar-Amandil]]<br/><small>''{{SA|192|n}} - {{SA|603|n}}''</small>|VAR=[[Vardilmë]]<br/><small>''b. {{SA|203|n}}''</small>|AUL=[[Aulendil (son of Vardamir)|Aulendil]]<br/><small>''b. {{SA|213|n}}''</small>|NOL=[[Nolondil]]<br/><small>''b. {{SA|222|n}}''</small>}}
 
{{familytree | AMA | | VAR | | AUL | | NOL |AMA=[[Tar-Amandil]]<br/><small>''{{SA|192|n}} - {{SA|603|n}}''</small>|VAR=[[Vardilmë]]<br/><small>''b. {{SA|203|n}}''</small>|AUL=[[Aulendil (son of Vardamir)|Aulendil]]<br/><small>''b. {{SA|213|n}}''</small>|NOL=[[Nolondil]]<br/><small>''b. {{SA|222|n}}''</small>}}
 
{{familytree/end}}
 
{{familytree/end}}
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==See also==
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*[[Twins]]
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{{References|notes}}
  
 
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}}
 
}}
 
{{seq-end}}
 
{{seq-end}}
 
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==See also==
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*[[:Category:Images of Elros|Images of Elros]]
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*[[Twins]]
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==Notes==
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{{References}}
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{{numenorkings}}
 
{{numenorkings}}
 
{{numenor}}
 
{{numenor}}
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[[Category:Half-elven]]
 
[[Category:Half-elven]]
 
[[Category:House of Elros| ]]
 
[[Category:House of Elros| ]]
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[[Category:Mariners]]
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[[Category:Noldorin names]]
 
[[Category:Rulers of Númenor]]
 
[[Category:Rulers of Númenor]]
 
[[Category:Second Age characters]]
 
[[Category:Second Age characters]]
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[[Category:Sindarin names]]
 
[[de:Elros]]
 
[[de:Elros]]
 
[[fi:Elros]]
 
[[fi:Elros]]
 
[[fr:encyclo/personnages/hommes/2a/numenoreens/elros]]
 
[[fr:encyclo/personnages/hommes/2a/numenoreens/elros]]

Latest revision as of 13:50, 22 October 2021

This article is about the brother of Elrond. For the Mirkwood guard from the Hobbit films, see Elros (Mirkwood guard).
Elros
Half-elf
Jenny Dolfen - Until the world is broken and remade.jpg
"Until the world is broken and remade" by Jenny Dolfen
Biographical Information
Pronunciation(S, [ˈɛlrɔs])
Other namesTar-Minyatur (Q), Elerossë (Q), Gimilzôr (A)
TitlesKing of Númenor
LocationHavens of Sirion
Númenor
LanguageAdûnaic, Sindarin, Quenya
BirthF.A. 532[1]
Havens of Sirion, Beleriand
RuleS.A. 32 - 442 (410 years)
DeathS.A. 442[2] (aged 500)
Númenor
Notable forFounding the line of Kings of Númenor
Family
HouseDescended from the House of Hador, founded House of Elros
HeritageHalf-elven father, Half-elven mother
ParentageEärendil, father
Elwing, mother
Maglor, foster father
SiblingsElrond (twin)
ChildrenVardamir, Tindómiel, Manwendil and Atanalcar
Physical Description
GenderMale
GalleryImages of Elros

Elros was the son of Eärendil, the great hero of the First Age, and his wife Elwing. He was the twin brother of Elrond and both were Half-elven.[3] Choosing to live as a mortal Man, he became a lord of the Edain and the first King of Númenor, taking the name Tar-Minyatur.

Contents

[edit] History

Elros and Elrond were born in the Havens of Sirion during the darkest days of the First Age, when the forces of Morgoth controlled most of Beleriand. When the twins were just six years old, the Sons of Fëanor, bound by their Oath, assaulted the Havens in the Third Kinslaying since they desired the Silmaril on the Nauglamír held by Elwing. Eärendil was at sea, and Elwing barely escaped with the Nauglamír.

And Maglor took pity upon them by Catherine Karina Chmiel

Maedhros and Maglor, the only Sons of Fëanor to survive the assault upon the Havens, captured the twin boys and Maglor raised them for a time. They were later found by other elves as the twins were playing by a forest waterfall under the starlight; these gave him the name Elros meaning "star-foam" (see Etymology) and protected them through the end of the First Age.[3].

After the War of Wrath and the destruction of Beleriand, the Valar gave the twin Peredhil the choice over their race and fate. Elros chose the Gift of Men,[3] but still, he was blessed with a life longer than any other mortal Man's.

In the first years of the Second Age, the Valar had prepared for the Edain, as a reward for their struggle against Morgoth, a large island in the western part of the Great Sea. Now by right a lord of the Edain[note 1], Elros led his people across the sea, guided by the Star of Eärendil his father, to the island. For this the island was called Elenna meaning "starwards", and was the closest of mortal lands to the Blessed Realm, though Men were forbidden to go so far westward that the coasts of Elenna were no longer visible. The Valar also gave the Edain substantially longer lifespans than those of Men remaining in Middle-earth, and Elros and his descendants had the longest lives of all the people.[4]

Elros founded the realm of Númenor and became its first King in the year 32 of the Second Age. He took a royal name in Quenya, Tar-Minyatur, thus setting a tradition for the kings of Númenor to take a royal name in Quenya.[2] He brought with him the Ring of Barahir, the Axe of Tuor, the Bow of Bregor and Thingol's sword Aranrúth as family heirlooms.[5]

The city of Armenelos including the tower and the citadel were constructed during the reign of Elros.[4]

Elros had four children: three sons, Vardamir Nólimon, Manwendil, and Atanalcar; and one daughter, Tindómiel.[6][note 2] After living five centuries, and ruling Númenor for 410 years, Elros died and his son Vardamir Nólimon took up the Sceptre of Númenor as Tar-Vardamir. But because Elros had lived so long, Tar-Vardamir was already old, and was thus only a titular King: he immediately surrendered the Sceptre to his son, Tar-Amandil.[2]

[edit] Etymology

Elros is a Sindarin name meaning "Elf of the spray", based on a tale from his early childhood when the Sons of Fëanor abducted the twins until Maedhros found them playing in a forest waterfall. Alternatively, his name could mean "star-foam".[7] The Sindarin elements are el ("star") and ros ("foam").[8]

[edit] Other names

The Quenya form of Elros was Elerossë.[8]

Elros' royal name, Tar-Minyatur, is Quenya for "High First-Lord", consisting of tar ("high") + minya ("first") + tur ("master, lord").[9] All the Kings and Queens after Elros who took their names in Quenya also used the prefix tar- in their royal names.

In early versions of the legendarium, Elros' Adûnaic name was Indilzar,[10] which was changed to Gimilzôr. However, in later versions of the Númenórean tale (Ar-)Gimilzôr was the name of the twenty-third King of Númenor.[11]

[edit] Genealogy

Tuor
b. F.A. 472
 
Idril
born during Y.T.
 
Dior
F.A. 470 - 506
 
Nimloth
d. F.A. 506
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Eärendil
b. F.A. 503
 
 
 
 
 
Elwing
b. F.A. 503
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ELROS
TAR-MINYATUR

F.A. 532 - S.A. 442
 
Elrond
b. F.A. 532
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Vardamir Nólimon
S.A. 61 - 471
 
Tindómiel
after 61
 
Manwendil
after 61
 
Atanalcar
after 61
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tar-Amandil
192 - 603
 
Vardilmë
b. 203
 
Aulendil
b. 213
 
Nolondil
b. 222


[edit] See also

Notes

  1. His father, Eärendil, was a descendant of the Lords of all Three Houses
  2. Elros' children Tindómiel, Manwendil and Atanalcar are referred to by name only in the family tree "The Earlier Generations of the Line of Elros", which is included in only some editions of Unfinished Tales.

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "Part Three. The Wanderings of Húrin and Other Writings not forming part of the Quenta Silmarillion: V. The Tale of Years", version C of the manuscript, year changed to [>532], p. 348
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Line of Elros: Kings of Númenor", first page of the chapter
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Voyage of Eärendil and the War of Wrath"
  4. 4.0 4.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Akallabêth: The Downfall of Númenor"
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "A Description of the Island of Númenor", "Notes", Note 2
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "Aldarion and Erendis: The Mariner's Wife", "The earlier generations of the Line of Elros"
  7. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Index of Names"
  8. 8.0 8.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Appendix: Elements in Quenya and Sindarin Names", entry ross
  9. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Appendix: Elements in Quenya and Sindarin Names", entries minya, tur
  10. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "V. The History of the Akallabêth", p. 164
  11. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Sauron Defeated, "Part Three: The Drowning of Anadûnê, with the Third Version of The Fall of Númenor, and Lowdham's Report on the Adunaic Language", pp. 380-1 (§20)
Elros
House of Elros
Born: F.A. 532 Died: S.A. 442
None
Position Created
1st King of Númenor
S.A. 32 - 442
Followed by:
Tar-Vardamir

Kings of Númenor
Elros Tar-Minyatur (S.A. 32 - 442) · Tar-Vardamir* (442) · Tar-Amandil (442 - 590) · Tar-Elendil (590 - 740) · Tar-Meneldur (740 - 883) · Tar-Aldarion (883 - 1075) · Tar-AncalimëQ (1075 - 1280) · Tar-Anárion (1280 - 1394) · Tar-Súrion (1394 - 1556) · Tar-TelperiënQ (1556 - 1731) · Tar-Minastir (1731 - 1869) · Tar-Ciryatan (1869 - 2029) · Tar-Atanamir (2029 - 2221) · Tar-Ancalimon (2221 - 2386) · Tar-Telemmaitë (2386 - 2526) · Tar-VanimeldëQ (2526 - 2637) · Tar-Anducal (2637 - 2657) · Tar-Alcarin (2657 - 2737) · Tar-Calmacil (2737 - 2825) · Tar-Ardamin (2825 - 2899) · Ar-Adûnakhôr (2899 - 2962) · Ar-Zimrathôn (2962 - 3033) · Ar-Sakalthôr (3033 - 3102) · Ar-Gimilzôr (3102 - 3177) · Tar-Palantir (3177 - 3255) · Ar-Pharazôn (3255 - 3319)
* Immediately abdicated in favour of his son · Q Ruling Queens · Usurped throne. Later struck off the Line of Kings · Usurped throne from his cousin Tar-Míriel
Númenor
Andor · Atalantë · Elenna · Mar-nu-Falmar · Númenórë · Westernesse
Regions Andustar · Arandor · Emerië · Forostar · Hyarastorni · Hyarnustar · Hyarrostar · Kingsland · Mittalmar · Nísimaldar · Orrostar
Towns and cities Almaida · Andúnië · Armenelos · Eldalondë · Nindamos · Ondosto · Rómenna
Buildings Calmindon · Eämbar · King's Court · Temple · White House of Erendis
Natural features Bay of Eldanna · Bay of Rómenna · Firth of Rómenna · Meneltarma (mountain) · Nísinen (lake) · North Cape · Nunduinë (river) · Oromet (mountain) · Siril (river) · Sorontil (mountain) · Tarmasundar (ridges) · Tompollë
Plants and trees Fragrant Trees · Lairelossë · Laurinquë · Lavaralda · Nessamelda · Nimloth · Oiolairë · Taniquelassë · Vardarianna · Yavannamírë
Heirlooms Aranrúth · Bow of Bregor · Dramborleg · Elendilmir · Narsil · Palantíri · Ring of Barahir · Sceptre of Annúminas · Sceptre of Númenor · Tile and Textiles · Helmet
Concepts Adûnaic · Ban of the Valar · Council of the Sceptre · Downfall of Númenor · Númenórean Sindarin · Ruxöalë · Three Prayers (Eruhantalë · Erukyermë · Erulaitalë)
Key people Aldarion · Amandil · Elros (House of Elros) · Erendis · Faithful · Guild of Venturers · Isildur · Kings and Queens of Númenor · King's Men · Lords of Andúnië · Meneldur · Miriel · Palantir · Pharazôn · Sauron · Silmariën
Main texts The Silmarillion ("Akallabêth") · Unfinished Tales ("A Description of the Island of Númenor" · "Aldarion and Erendis: The Mariner's Wife" · "The Line of Elros: Kings of Númenor") · The Lord of the Rings ("Appendix A" · "Appendix B") · The Nature of Middle-earth ("Lives of the Númenóreans" · "Of the land and beasts of Númenor")