|"Arwen" by John Howe|
|Other names||Undómiel (Q: "Evenstar")|
|Titles||Lady of Rivendell|
Queen of Elves and Men
Queen of Gondor
|Location||Rivendell, Lothlórien, Reunited Kingdom|
|Birth||T.A. 241 |
|Rule||T.A. 3019 - Fo.A. 120|
|Death||Fo.A. 121 (aged 2,901)|
Cerin Amroth, Lothlórien
|House||Descended from the House of Hador|
|Heritage||Half-elven father, Elf mother|
|Parentage||Elrond and Celebrían|
|Siblings||Elladan and Elrohir|
|Children||Eldarion and several daughters|
|Clothing||Grey raiment with girdle of silver leaves; silver and blue mantle|
|Gallery||Images of Arwen|
- "Frodo saw her whom few mortals had yet seen; Arwen, daughter of Elrond, in whom it was said that the likeness of Lúthien had come on earth again; and she was called Undómiel, for she was the Evenstar of her people."
- ― The Fellowship of the Ring, "Many Meetings"
She was considered to be the fairest of the Children of Ilúvatar, resembling Lúthien of the First Age who would never again appear in Middle-earth. Her romance with Aragorn was reminiscent of that between the Man Beren and the Elf Lúthien. Like Lúthien, she rejected her Elven immortality to marry Aragorn and die with him.
Arwen was born in T.A. 241 and was the younger sister of Elladan and Elrohir. From her mother she inherited the Elfstone. As one of the half-elven, she shared the right of her father to choose her fate. She lived most of her life in Imladris, or in Lothlórien with her grandparents.
Her father fostered the sons of the Chieftains of the Dúnedain, who were the exiled Heirs of Isildur. It was in T.A. 2952 when she returned from Lothlórien to Rivendell when she met a young foster-son of her father, Aragorn. The young Dúnadan fell in love when he first saw her, though as he was still a youth, Arwen did not return his love.
Elrond insisted that Arwen could not marry Aragorn until he became king of both Gondor and Arnor. Whether Arwen chose to marry him and become mortal, or remain with her kin as one of the Elves, she would be parted from either Elrond or Aragorn forever.
Arwen was later reunited with Aragorn when he brought the Hobbits to Rivendell during the War of the Ring. She was present at a feast attended by Frodo. Later that night, she and Aragorn spoke together. When the Fellowship departed and Galadriel offered them her gifts, Arwen's Elfstone, given from Galadriel to Celebrían, and Celebrían to Arwen, was the gift for Aragorn. He would wear the Elfstone ever after. This giving held the function of a wedding gift from the family of the bride to the groom, foretelling his marriage to Arwen.
Arwen wove the Livery of Elendil for Aragorn from black cloth, decorating it with mithril, gems and gold. She sent the banner with her brothers and a group of Rangers of the North to Aragorn before he took the Paths of the Dead, thereby inspiring him to take the difficult path. The banner was unfurled at the Battle of the Pelennor Fields to triumphantly announce the King's return.
After the defeat of Sauron, Aragorn was crowned as King of the West and the new Reunited Kingdom; on that day Arwen and her father departed for Minas Tirith. On 20 May they reached Lothlórien where they stayed for a week before Arwen resumed with her escort. On 14 June she met her brothers and together they went to Edoras where they stayed two days before continuing to Gondor.
Arwen arrived to Minas Tirith on 1 Lithe and wed Aragorn on Mid-Year's Day, being the third union of Elves and Men. Arwen chose a fate different from her father's and did not sail to the West. Instead, she gifted Frodo, as the Ring-bearer, passage in her stead, as she foresaw that his burden would not be lifted. She also gifted him a necklace with a white gem. 
As Queen of Gondor, Arwen maintained a close connection with Gondor's allies, as did her husband. In Fo.A. 15 they visited the Hobbits outside the Shire and she took as a maid of honour Elanor Gardner, daughter of Samwise Gamgee. She was mother of one son, Eldarion, and at least two unnamed daughters. After Aragorn's death, Arwen departed from Minas Tirith and returned to the abandoned Lothlórien. There she stayed for a time until she gave up her life in Fo.A. 121 at Cerin Amroth, and was buried there.
Arwen was a very distant cousin of Aragorn. By their marriage, the long-sundered lines of the Half-elven were joined. Their union also served to unite and preserve the bloodlines of the kings of the three kindreds of the High Elves (Ingwë, Finwë, and brothers Elwë, Olwë, and Elmo) as well as the only line with Maiarin blood through Arwen's great-great grandmother, Melian.
Naming Arwen and Aragorn's specific familial relationship is difficult, both because they are separated by many generations and because there were at least two marriages between descendants of Elendil among Aragorn's direct ancestors. Thus, Aragorn II descended from Elendil along at least four different lines, owing to the marriage of Arvedui of Arnor to Fíriel of Gondor and Arathorn II to Gilraen of the northern Dúnedain.
Through his father Arathorn II, Aragorn II was Arwen's first cousin sixty-two times removed through his forefather Arvedui and sixty-seven times removed through his foremother Fíriel. The difference owes to the differing number of generations between Elendil and Aranarth on the northern and southern sides of the bloodline; twenty-four generations of the House of Isildur and twenty-nine generations of the House of Anárion. Both lines include Elendil, eighteen generations of the Lords of Andúnië, Silmariën, and four generations of the Kings of Númenor, as well as Aranarth and fifteen succeeding generations of the Chieftains of the Dúnedain including Aragorn II himself.
The matter is less clear when determining Aragorn's descent from Eärendil through his mother Gilraen. Gilraen was the daughter of Dírhael, who descended from Aranarth through an unknown number of generations, so it is impossible to precisely reckon the number of removals between Arwen and Aragorn along these lines. We only know that it must be greater than fifty-one as counted through Arvedui and greater than fifty-six as counted through Fíriel. We can establish these lower bounds because we know Arwen to have been Aranarth's first cousin forty-seven times removed through Arvedui and fifty-two times removed through Fíriel. Dírhael must have been of at least the second generation from Aranarth, being descended from a child of Aranarth younger than Arahael, meaning Aragorn II must have been of at least the fourth generation from Aranarth. Given the limited lifespans of Men, there must have been many more generations that bridged the eight centuries separating the birth of that unnamed child of Aranarth between TA 2013 and 2107 and that of Gilraen in 2907, but Tolkien did not offer sufficient information by which to make an exact count.
It is possible that additional marriages between descendants of Elros further complicate the issue, but these are the only two directly attested by Tolkien and thus the existence of any others can be only a matter for speculation.
Etymology and names
The Quenya form of her name is not entirely certain, but in his Quenya greeting, Aragorn refers to her again as "Arwen" (Arwen vanimelda, namárië!). This suggests that the form Arwen itself is also coincidentally a valid, or at least understandable, Quenya calque (using ar-, stem Arwend-).
She is also given the names Elrenniel and Elerondiel, both meaning "Daughter of Elrond" in Sindarin and Quenya respectively.
Portrayal in adaptations
|Arwen in adaptations|
- Arwen does not appear.
- Arwen is voiced by Sonia Fraser.
- Arwen appears in Rivendell after the Council of Elrond. She has a brief dialogue with Aragorn, and recites several lines from the Riddle of Strider. No voice actress is specified, but it is likely Kath Soucie.
2001-03: The Lord of the Rings (film series):
- Arwen is played by Liv Tyler. Various additional scenes pertaining to Arwen are inserted, some of which deviate from the books and some of which seem inspired by The Tale of Aragorn and Arwen.
- In the first film, she rescues Frodo Baggins from the Black Riders at Bruinen, thwarting them with a sudden flood, summoned by an incantation. In the book, it was Glorfindel who put Frodo on horseback and sent him alone to flee the Black Riders, and Elrond and Gandalf arranged the flood. Also, in the book, Frodo defends himself against the Black Riders, whereas in the movie Arwen defends him. Arwen wields the sword Hadhafang,a non-canonical sword that belonged to her father.
- There are scene in which Aragorn has a dream about Arwen in which they kiss, a scene where Arwen has an argument with her father about leaving for Valinor, and a scene where she actually departs for Valinor and then changes her mind and returns when she sees a vision of her future son, Eldarion.
- In addition, towards the end of the cinematic trilogy she apparently becomes sick with grief possibly over Aragorn's seemingly hopeless cause and his impending death. Elrond takes the reforged Narsil, now Andúril, to Aragorn at Dunharrow, and tells him that her fate has become bound with the One Ring, and that she is dying. However, no explanation is ever given for these statements. Later, after the Ring is destroyed, Arwen is present at Aragorn's coronation without any signs of illness.
2007: The Lord of the Rings Online:
- Arwen can be found in a gazebo overlooking the path from Rivendell into the Misty Mountains. Her roles in the game was initially small, and her only significant interaction with the player was the passing of Elessar's banner that she made for Aragorn and bid the player to deliver to Halbarad. After the downfall of Sauron, her prominence increases as Elrond and his household travel to Minas Tirith for her wedding. On their way towards Lothlórien from the lands of the Beornings, Arwen asks her father to visit the cave in which her mother Celebrian was tormented by orcs before being rescued. She later discusses that experience with Lady Galadriel.
- Arwen resides in Rivendell, where players can discuss with her both historical and present subjects. While sporting the appearance of Liv Tyler, her role is closer to the book than that in the movie: for example, she provides Halbarad and the Grey Company with the banner she had made for Aragorn, an event omitted from the movie adaptation. She is voiced by Courtenay Taylor.
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix F, "The Languages and Peoples of the Third Age", "Of the Elves"
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "Many Meetings"
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "The Tale of Aragorn and Arwen"
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Third Age"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "Eriador, Arnor, and the Heirs of Isildur"
- ↑ 7.0 7.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "Farewell to Lórien"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Morgoth's Ring, "Part Three. The Later Quenta Silmarillion: (II) The Second Phase: Laws and Customs among the Eldar"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "The Passing of the Grey Company"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "The Battle of the Pelennor Fields"
- ↑ 11.0 11.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Chief Days from the Fall of Barad-dûr to the End of the Third Age"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "Many Partings"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "Later Events Concerning the Members of the Fellowship of the Ring"
- ↑ 14.0 14.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "Númenor"
- ↑ 15.0 15.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "The Realms in Exile", "The Southern Line: Heirs of Anarion"
- ↑ 16.0 16.1 16.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "The Realms in Exile", "The Northern Line: Heirs of Isildur"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Line of Elros: Kings of Númenor"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "VII. The Heirs of Elendil"
- ↑ Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull (eds), The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion, p. 205
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, "Letter to S.E.O. Joukes, 28 August 1967"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings: Eldarin Roots and Stems", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), p. 56