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Amarthan

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Amarthan
Noldo
250px
Biographical Information
Other namesTelufinwë (Q, fn),
Ambarussa or Umbarto/Ambarto (Q, mn)
Atyarussa (Q, epessë)
Amrod (S)
LocationTirion; East Beleriand
AffiliationOath of Fëanor
LanguageQuenya and Sindarin
Birthafter Y.T. 1190
Tirion
DeathY.T. 1497
Losgar
Family
HouseHouse of Fëanor
ParentageFëanor & Nerdanel
SiblingsMaedros, Maglor, Celegorm, Curufin, Caranthir and Amros (twin)
Physical Description
GenderMale
Hair colorRed

Amarthan (died in Y.T. 1497), with his twin brother Amros, was the youngest of the seven Sons of Fëanor.

Contents

History

He joined his brothers in the Oath of Fëanor, but his mother Nerdanel begged that either he or Amros be left behind, believing in her heart that one would not return. Fëanor, however, refused her this kindness, and paid for it. Amarthan was accidentally killed in the swan ships of the Teleri when his father ordered them to be burnt at Losgar. According to the Shibboleth, he claimed (to Amros) to have felt uncomfortable sleeping on the ground after the Noldor landed on the Lammoth. It was thought later that he wished to return to his mother in the ship, being shocked by his father's deeds. Fëanor was probably aware of his disention, and this may have been one of the elements of his decision to burn the ships even before all the food and stores had been got out. Yet he was in great dismay when he learned of his son's death, and doubtless remembered the foreboding words of his wife.

Etymology

Amarthan's father-name in Quenya was Telufinwë, "Last [of] Finwë", for he was the last of the sons of the House of Finwë and its short form was Telvo. His mother-name was originally Ambarussa ("Top-russet", referring to his hair), the same as his twin Amros, but Fëanor insisted that the twins ought to have different names and Nerdanel prophetically called him Umbarto, "The Fated" (from umbar = "fate"). His father, disturbed by it, changed it to Ambarto, "Upwards-exalted" (from amba = "upwards, top" and arta ="exalted", "lofty"). Nevertheless both twins called each other Ambarussa. Others most often called him Atyarussa, which means "Second-russa".[1]

Amrod is the Sindarization of Ambarto[1], while Amarthan is the Sindarization of Umbarto.[1]

Genealogy

Mahtan
b. Y.T.
 
Míriel
d. Y.T. 1170
 
Finwë
d. Y.T. 1495
 
Indis
b. Y.T.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nerdanel
b. Y.T.
 
 
 
Fëanor
Y.T. 1169 - 1497
 
Findis
b. Y.T.
 
Fingolfin
Y.T. 1190 - F.A. 456
 
Lalwen
b. Y.T.
 
Finarfin
b. Y.T. 1230
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Maedros
d. F.A. 587
 
Maglor
b. Y.T.
 
Celegorm
d. F.A. 506
 
Curufin
d. F.A. 506
 
Caranthir
d. F.A. 506
 
Amros
d. F.A. 538
 
AMARTHAN
d. Y.T. 1497
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Celebrimbor
d. S.A. 1697
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Other versions of the Legendarium

In earlier stages of the Legendarium, Fëanor's sons had different slightly different names. Amrod used to be called Damrod. [2]

In the published The Silmarillion and in earlier texts he is said to have lived on to Beleriand and ruled with his twin Amros over lands west of the Blue Mountains.

There is no trace of the death of Amrod at Losgar in the published The Silmarillion, as it was a very late idea by Tolkien, omitted by Christopher Tolkien as he did not at the time see how it could be incorporated into the primary text of The Silmarillion. Even in The Silmarillion his life, course and death happen alongside to his brother's and has not an individual role.

Where both Amros and Amarthan are mentioned in the published text after the landing in Losgar, it should according to Tolkien's later wishes be Amros alone. The information regarding Amarthan's naming, especially, comes from The Peoples of Middle-earth.

References

See Also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, "From The Shibboleth of Fëanor" (edited by Carl F. Hostetter), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 41, July 2000
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Book of Lost Tales Part Two, "IV. The Nauglafring", pp. 241, 251