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Amarthan

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{{noldor infobox
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#REDIRECT [[Talk:Amrod]]
| image=[[Image:TOLKIEN-JUMEAUX-Large.jpg|250px]]
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| name=Amarthan
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| pronun=
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| othernames=''[[Telufinwë]]'' ([[Quenya|Q]], [[Father-name|fn]]),<br/>''[[Ambarussa]]'' or ''[[Umbarto]]/[[Ambarto]]'' ([[Quenya|Q]], [[Amilessë|mn]])</br>''[[Atyarussa]]'' ([[Quenya|Q]], [[epessë]])</br>''[[Amrod]]'' ([[Sindarin|S]])
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| titles=
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| position=
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| location=[[Tirion]]; [[East Beleriand]]
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| affiliation=[[Oath of Fëanor]]
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| language=[[Quenya]] and [[Sindarin]]
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| birth=after {{YT|1190}}
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| birthlocation=[[Tirion]]
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| rule=
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| death={{YT|1497}}
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| deathlocation=[[Losgar]]
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| age=
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| notablefor=
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| house=[[House of Fëanor]]
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| parentage=[[Fëanor]] & [[Nerdanel]]
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| siblings=[[Maedros]], [[Maglor]], [[Celegorm]], [[Curufin]], [[Caranthir]] and [[Amros]] (twin)
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| spouse=
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| children=
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| gender=Male
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| height=
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| hair=Red
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| eyes=
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| clothing=
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| weapons=
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| steed=
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}}
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'''Amarthan''' (died in {{YT|1497}}), with his twin brother [[Amros]], was the youngest of the seven [[Sons of Fëanor]].
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== History ==
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He joined his brothers in the [[Oath of Fëanor]], but his mother Nerdanel begged that either he or Amros be left behind, believing in her heart that one would not return.  Fëanor, however, refused her this kindness, and paid for it. Amarthan was accidentally killed in the swan ships of the [[Teleri]] when his father ordered them to be burnt at [[Losgar]].  According to the ''[[Shibboleth]]'', he claimed (to Amros) to have felt uncomfortable sleeping on the ground after the Noldor landed on the [[Lammoth]]. It was thought later that he wished to return to his mother in the ship, being shocked by his father's deeds.  Fëanor was probably aware of his disention, and this may have been one of the elements of his decision to burn the ships even before all the food and stores had been got out. Yet he was in great dismay when he learned of his son's death, and doubtless remembered the foreboding words of his wife.
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== Etymology ==
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Amarthan's [[father-name]] in [[Quenya]] was '''[[Telufinwë]]''', "Last [of] Finwë", for he was the last of the sons of the [[House of Finwë]] and its short form was ''Telvo''. His [[Amilessë|mother-name]] was originally '''[[Ambarussa]]''' ("Top-russet", referring to his hair), the same as his twin Amros, but Fëanor insisted that the twins ought to have different names and Nerdanel prophetically called him '''[[Umbarto]]''', "The Fated" (from ''[[umbar]]'' = "fate"). His father, disturbed by it, changed it to '''[[Ambarto]]''', "Upwards-exalted" (from ''[[amba]]'' = "upwards, top" and ''[[arta]]'' ="exalted", "lofty"). Nevertheless both twins called each other ''Ambarussa''. Others most often called him '''[[Atyarussa]]''', which means "Second-''russa''".<ref name="Sind">{{VT|41b}}</ref>
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Amrod is the [[Sindarization]] of ''[[Ambarto]]''<ref name="Sind"/>, while '''[[Amarthan]]''' is the Sindarization of ''[[Umbarto]]''.<ref name="Sind"/>
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== Genealogy ==
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<div style="overflow-x: scroll; overflow-y: hidden; border: 1px solid #AAAAAA; padding: 3px; background: #EEEEEE;">
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{{familytree/start}}
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{{familytree| MHT | | MIR |y| FIN |y| IND | | | | | | | | | | | | |MHT=[[Mahtan]]<br/><small>''b. {{YT}}''</small>| MIR=[[Míriel]]<br/><small>''d. {{YT|1170}}''</small>|FIN=[[Finwë]]<br/><small>''d. {{YT|1495}}''</small>|IND=[[Indis]]<br/><small>''b. {{YT}}''</small>}}
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{{familytree| |!| | | | | |!| | | |)|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|.| | | |}}
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{{familytree| NRD |~|y|~| FEA | | FDS | | FNG | | IRM | | FRF | | |NRD=[[Nerdanel]]<br/><small>''b. {{YT}}''</small>|FEA=[[Fëanor]]<br/><small>''{{YT|1169}} - {{YT|1497|n}}''</small>|FDS=[[Findis]]<br/><small>''b. {{YT}}''</small>|FNG=[[Fingolfin]]<br/><small>''{{YT|1190}} - {{FA|456}}''</small>|IRM=[[Lalwen]]<br/><small>''b. {{YT}}''</small>|FRF=[[Finarfin]]<br/><small>''b. {{YT|1230}}''</small>}}
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{{familytree| |,|-|-|^|v|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|v|-|-|-|.| |}}
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{{familytree| MDH | | MAG | | CEL | | CUR | | CAR | | AMD | | AMR |MDH=[[Maedros]]<br/><small>''d. {{FA|587}}''</small>|MAG=[[Maglor]]<br/><small>''b. {{YT}}''</small>|CEL=[[Celegorm]]<br/><small>''d. {{FA|506}}''</small>|CUR=[[Curufin]]<br/><small>''d. {{FA|506}}''</small>|CAR=[[Caranthir]]<br/><small>''d. {{FA|506}}''</small>|AMR='''AMARTHAN'''<br/><small>''d. {{YT|1497}}''</small>|AMD=[[Amros]]<br/><small>''d. {{FA|538}}''</small>}}
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{{familytree| | | | | | | | | | | | | |!| | | | | | | | | | | | | |}}
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{{familytree| | | | | | | | | | | | | CLB | | | | | | | | | | | | |CLB=[[Celebrimbor]]<br/><small>''d. {{SA|1697}}''</small>}}
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{{familytree/end}}
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</div>
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== Other versions of the Legendarium ==
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In earlier stages of the Legendarium, Fëanor's sons had different slightly different names. Amrod used to be called Damrod. <ref>{{LT2 | IV}}, pp. 241, 251</ref>
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In the published ''[[The Silmarillion]]'' and in earlier texts he is said to have lived on to [[Beleriand]] and ruled with his twin Amros over lands west of the [[Blue Mountains]].
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There is no trace of the death of Amrod at Losgar in the published ''[[The Silmarillion]]'', as it was a very late idea by [[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien]], omitted by [[Christopher Tolkien]] as he did not at the time see how it could be incorporated into the primary text of ''The Silmarillion''. Even in ''The Silmarillion'' his life, course and death happen alongside to his brother's and has not an individual role.
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Where both Amros and Amarthan are mentioned in the published text after the landing in Losgar, it should according to Tolkien's later wishes be Amros alone. The information regarding Amarthan's naming, especially, comes from ''[[The Peoples of Middle-earth]]''.
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== References ==
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* ''[[The Silmarillion]]'', [[Of Eldamar and the Princes of the Eldalië]]
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* ''[[The Silmarillion]]'', [[Of Fëanor and the Unchaining of Melkor]]
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* ''[[The Silmarillion]]'', [[Of the Silmarils and the Unrest of the Noldor]]
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* ''[[The Silmarillion]]'', [[Of the Flight of the Noldor]]
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* ''[[The Silmarillion]]'', [[Of the Return of the Noldor]]
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* ''[[The Silmarillion]]'', [[Of Beleriand and its Realms]]
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* ''[[The Silmarillion]]'', [[Of the Noldor in Beleriand]]
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* ''[[The Silmarillion]]'', [[Of the Ruin of Beleriand and the Fall of Fingolfin]]
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* ''[[The Silmarillion]]'', [[Of the Fifth Battle: Nirnaeth Arnoediad]]
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* ''[[The Silmarillion]]'', [[Of the Ruin of Doriath]]
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* ''[[The Silmarillion]]'', [[Of the Voyage of Eärendil and the War of Wrath]]
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* ''[[The Book of Lost Tales Part Two]]'', [[The Nauglafring]]
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* ''[[The Shaping of Middle-earth]]'', [[The Earliest Annals of Valinor]]
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* ''[[The Shaping of Middle-earth]]'', [[The Earliest Annals of Beleriand]]
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* ''[[The Lost Road and Other Writings]]'', [[The later Annals of Beleriand]]
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* ''[[The Lost Road and Other Writings]]'', [[The later Annals of Valinor]]
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* ''[[The Lost Road and Other Writings]]'', [[Quenta Silmarillion]]
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* ''[[The Lost Road and Other Writings]]'', [[The Etymologies]]
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* ''[[Morgoth's Ring]]'', [[The Annals of Aman]]
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* ''[[Morgoth's Ring]]'', [[The Later Quenta Silmarillion]]
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* ''[[The War of the Jewels]]'', [[The Grey Annals]]
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* ''[[The War of the Jewels]]'', [[The Later Quenta Silmarillion]]
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* ''[[The Peoples of Middle-earth]]'', [[The Shibboleth of Feanor]]
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==See Also==
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*[[:Category:Images of Amrod|Images of Amrod]]
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[[Category:Characters in The Book of Lost Tales]]
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[[Category:Characters in The Silmarillion]]
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[[Category:Sons of Fëanor]]
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[[Category:First Age characters]]
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[[Category:Sindarin names]]
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[[Category:Noldor]]
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[[de:Amrod]]
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[[fr:encyclo/personnages/elfes/noldor/amrod]]
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[[fi:Amrod]]
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==References==
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<references /><noinclude></noinclude>
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Revision as of 14:15, 13 September 2015

  1. REDIRECT Talk:Amrod