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-ina

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'''''-ina''''' is a [[Quenya]] suffix that has two meanings.<ref name=Eldarin>{{PE|Eldarin}}</ref>{{rp|68}}
 
'''''-ina''''' is a [[Quenya]] suffix that has two meanings.<ref name=Eldarin>{{PE|Eldarin}}</ref>{{rp|68}}
 
==-ina<sup>1</sup>==
 
==-ina<sup>1</sup>==
Used as an aorist suffix. This use is only mentioned in a marginal note and no examples are given.<ref name=Eldarin>{{PE|Eldarin}}</ref>{{rp|68}}
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Used as an aorist suffix. This use is only mentioned in a marginal note and no examples are given.<ref name=Eldarin></ref>{{rp|68}}
 
==-ina<sup>2</sup>==
 
==-ina<sup>2</sup>==
 
Used as an adjectival suffix.
 
Used as an adjectival suffix.
 
==Examples==
 
==Examples==
* '''calina''' = lit. 'illuminated' "sunny, light" ([[KAL]] light)<ref>{{PE|Eldarin}}</ref>{{rp|153}}
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* ''cal'''ina''''' = lit. 'illuminated' "sunny, light" (''[[cala]]'', [[KAL]] light)<ref name=Eldarin></ref>{{rp|153}}
* '''lambina''' = "of tongue, spoken with tongue" ('''lambe''' = "tongue")<ref>{{PE|Eldarin}}</ref>{{rp|46}}<ref>{{PE|Eldarin}}</ref>{{rp|123}}
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* ''lamb'''ina''''' = "of tongue, spoken with tongue" (''[[lambe]]'' = "tongue")<ref name=Eldarin></ref>{{rp|46}}<ref name=Eldarin></ref>{{rp|123}}
* '''latina''' = "used of freedom of movement, of things not encumbered with obstacles" ([[LAT]] open, unenclosed, free to entry)<ref>{{PE|Eldarin}}</ref>{{rp|159}}
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* ''lat'''ina''''' = "used of freedom of movement, of things not encumbered with obstacles" ([[LAT]] open, unenclosed, free to entry)<ref name=Eldarin></ref>{{rp|159}}
* '''lerina''' = "not guarded, reserved, made fast or owned" ([[LER]] free (of moveable or moving things), able to move as willed, unimpeded, unharmed, loose, not fixed fast or static)<ref>{{PE|Eldarin}}</ref>{{rp|160}}
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* ''ler'''ina''''' = "not guarded, reserved, made fast or owned" ([[LER]] free (of moveable or moving things), able to move as willed, unimpeded, unharmed, loose, not fixed fast or static)<ref name=Eldarin></ref>{{rp|160}}
* '''raina''' = "smiling, gracious, sweet faced" ([[RAYA]] smile, show pleasure or favour in facial expression)<ref>{{PE|Eldarin}}</ref>{{rp|182}}
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* ''ra'''ina''''' = "smiling, gracious, sweet faced" ([[RAYA]] smile, show pleasure or favour in facial expression)<ref name=Eldarin></ref>{{rp|182}}
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* ''[[Elerrína|Elerr'''ína''']]'' = "Crowned of Stars"<ref>{{S|Days}}</ref>
 
{{references}}
 
{{references}}
 
{{DEFAULTSORT:ina}}
 
{{DEFAULTSORT:ina}}
 
[[Category:Quenya suffixes]]
 
[[Category:Quenya suffixes]]

Latest revision as of 20:35, 10 July 2019

-ina is a Quenya suffix that has two meanings.[1]:68

Contents

[edit] -ina1

Used as an aorist suffix. This use is only mentioned in a marginal note and no examples are given.[1]:68

[edit] -ina2

Used as an adjectival suffix.

[edit] Examples

  • calina = lit. 'illuminated' "sunny, light" (cala, KAL light)[1]:153
  • lambina = "of tongue, spoken with tongue" (lambe = "tongue")[1]:46[1]:123
  • latina = "used of freedom of movement, of things not encumbered with obstacles" (LAT open, unenclosed, free to entry)[1]:159
  • lerina = "not guarded, reserved, made fast or owned" (LER free (of moveable or moving things), able to move as willed, unimpeded, unharmed, loose, not fixed fast or static)[1]:160
  • raina = "smiling, gracious, sweet faced" (RAYA smile, show pleasure or favour in facial expression)[1]:182
  • Elerrína = "Crowned of Stars"[2]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings: Eldarin Roots and Stems", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson)
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Beginning of Days"